Decomposed Granite Patio

Decomposed granite patio is one of the most cost-effective methods to improve your yard’s appearance or create a more casual walkway. DG patio has become even more popular because of its soft texture and permeability. It is aesthetically pleasing, affordable, and durable. If you ever consider a DIY landscape project, decomposed granite patio is a wise choice.

Decomposed granite patio is relatively eco-friendly. It is porous and creates a hardscape that does not require water. After the granite has been installed, it will continue to weather, adding nutrients to the surrounding soil and vegetation. Its durability comes from the weathering and erosion of solid granite boulders. DG consists of minute granite fragments (three-eighths of an inch or smaller) and fine granite, which resembles gravel but is more stable and finer. It is available in various colors, including buff, brown, gold tones, rose, variants of pink, and steel blue.

It is no surprise that many constructors and homeowners are now considering decomposed granite as their go-to landscaping material. That is why we created this guide to help you understand the benefits of DG, the cost, and how to install your decomposed granite in simple steps.

Is Decomposed Granite Good For Patios

Is Decomposed Granite Good For Patios?

Decomposed granite is a good option for outdoor patios; they provide a wonderful addition to your homes and contribute to the aesthetic of your business places. Depending on the type of decomposed granite installed, your DG patio can offer many admirable benefits. 

  • Decomposed granite patios are inexpensive. Compared with other paving materials you can use on your patios, you will find that decomposed granite costs you less. Both installation and maintenance are less expensive. 
  • They are highly absorbent, preventing water from sitting or creating puddles on your patios. 
  • DG comes in different styles and patterns, leaving you with various options. Over thirty shades and colors to beautify your homes and business places. 
  • Decomposed granite is easy to clean; it requires less time and energy to maintain and stay tidy. Also, with the basic equipment, your DG patios will remain durable for a long time. 

Decomposed Granite Patio Problems

Decomposed granite is a popular paving material. This paving material is suitable for outdoor landscaping. It has many benefits that make it desirable to homeowners. However, you should consider a few pitfalls before deciding on the right paving material for your patios. 

  • Decomposed granite needs a regular refill: DG gets scattered and lost with regular use because of its nature. The challenge here is getting the exact color or pattern to add up to what you already have installed. 
  • Depending on the type of DG patio you have installed, your patio might remain stable or muddy with heavy rainfall. A good example is loose DG. Loose decomposed granite tends to get muddy or erode when wet. DG is more suitable in areas with low rainfall. 
  • Although decomposed granite is very porous and offers a good drainage system, it loses its ability to filter and automatically drain water when coated with resin. 
  • Decomposed granite patios can grow weeds and moss. This will require that you frequently remove and maintain your patios. 

Decomposed granite vs. Crushed granite

DG and crushed granite are closely related. However, crushed granite is not crushed as finely as decomposed granite. While crushed granite may not be the best paving material for homeowners with certain disabilities or a family with toddlers, decomposed granite patios bring smoothness and stability that is safe for you and your children. Crushed granite still has its benefits and can be manipulated to create stable surfaces. Deciding between crushed granite or DG patios shouldn’t be that difficult. Decomposed granite has a more economical impact and requires less maintenance. On the other hand, crushed granite has definite sharp edges that require more maintenance. 

How to Build A Decomposed Granite Patio 

How to Build A Decomposed Granite Patio 

When decomposed granite is used as a landscape material, it’s compacted into a tough, stable surface material to fit your patios. Here is a simple guide to help you install your DG patios. 

Step One: Mark Out The Area

You can’t install any paving material without deciding the area you want to cover. String, spray paint, or stakes are good materials for marking your areas. 

Step Two:  Excavation 

Excavation can be the most fun part of DIYs or the worst. Whichever the case is, you can’t escape excavation if you decide to do your patios yourself. Using a shovel, dig out the topsoil as much as possible. Most times, you will need to decide the level of your patio. You will have to answer questions like: should your patio be on the same level as your surrounding or a little higher? Your answer to this question will determine how much topsoil should be removed. 

Step Three: It’s time to install edging.

Redwood bender boards, steel edging, or pavers are suitable edging materials for different decomposed granite patio styles. When installing your edging, ensure that you use the right level and ensure the elevation is accurate. 

Step Four: Install your DG 

Before getting to this step, you could determine the exact quantity of DG you will need to install on your patio. But if you haven’t, then there is no need to worry. A landscape material calculator will help you decide the amount of DG you need for your patio. Once you have calculated the quantity you need by entering the patio’s square footage and the DG’s depth, you can now spread the decomposed granite over the area. 

Lay down and compact your patio until it is evenly leveled to the required thickness. Wet each layer with a garden hose until it is moist and then use heavy equipment or a plate compactor to run it down. 

Once you have leveled a layer to your satisfaction, move on to the next layer and repeat the same process. When leveling, use a rake or broom to loosen up the surface. This will help you achieve a smooth and natural patio. 

Your decomposed granite patio is ready to be used! 

Decomposed Granite Patio Cost 

The initial cost of purchasing and installing decomposed granite on your patios is quite low. This is because decomposed granite is available and, to an extent, easy to produce. Also, the installation process doesn’t take up much time and energy. Unlike concrete and asphalt patios, decomposed granite patios take up less time. 

The price of DG will depend on several factors. This may include; color, size, quality, and whether it’s stabilized. Building a small patio can cost less than 20 dollars if you decide to do it yourself. DG patios will cost 40 to 50 dollars per cubic yard to purchase the material, and you can expect to pay between 70 to 80 dollars per hour for installation. 

Decomposed Granite Patio Ideas And Images 

  1. Decomposed Granite Paths and Patios: decomposed granite can enhance their beauty and create a beautiful and relaxing pattern for paths and patios. 
  1. Brown DG for patios: made from natural erosion of solid granite. It’s stable and durable with a natural feel.
  1. Low-cost Decomposed Granite Patios: eco-friendly, durable patio covered with decomposed granite.
  1. Colorful Decomposed Granite: DG comes in different colors and styles that can brighten your day. This fine DG is perfect for patios. 
  1. Fine Decomposed Granite: decomposed granite is composed of fine rocks that have weathered. 

Decomposed Granite: Frequently Asked Questions

Does decomposed granite attract bugs?

Since DG patios are weathered rocks, it’s easy to assume they will attract bugs and insects to your homes. Well, DG is a hundred percent environmentally friendly and doesn’t decay. And since it does not decay, your decomposed granite patios won’t attract bugs. 

Is decomposed granite comfortable to walk on?

DG has been broken into fine and small particles of similar sizes. This material is stable and compacted down into the installed area, making it easy and comfortable to walk on. Decomposed granite is a powdery material with a relaxing feel and is much more attractive than other paging materials. 

What happens to decomposed granite when it rains?

Bad news. As mentioned earlier, decomposed granite is best suited for locations with low rainfall. So depending on where you leave and how heavy the pour is. Your DG can be a total mess. Thankfully, decomposed granite is porous and provides a great draining system for water from sitting on the surface. But when the rain becomes heavy, it can create a mess and ruin the entire area. 

Decomposed granite may also be a poor choice because of its ability to erode, get muddy, or grow weeds. If you live in an environment with heavy rainfall, you should consider a more suitable paving material for your patios, walkway, or driveways. 


DG is a great choice for your patios, but you must consider all the factors that can affect or ruin your DG patio before jumping on it. Decomposed granite, when installed properly, can successfully be used to pave any outdoor surface and will remain there for a long period.

Granite paving

Granite pavers are used to beautify both indoor and outdoor locations. They can be used on driveways, patios, pathways, and even indoor areas that need robust, long-lasting pavers to withstand heavy usage. Granite paving driveways can withstand heavy foot traffic and last a very long time, provided they are laid over a durable foundation. 

Granite paving is exceptionally long-lasting. It is made from granite, a natural rock created by magma crystallization within the earth’s crust. Granite driveways are popular for their strength, hardness, and durability. At the same time, the beauty of granite will make your home more valuable and appealing.

Granite paving can be used anywhere from the internal and outside walkways, patios, courts, and the interiors of homes and businesses. It is guaranteed that they will last a lifetime with little upkeep. That’s why we created this article, to explain how to install your granite paving, ideas, and the proper maintenance to keep your driveway’s aesthetic appeal.

Is granite a good paving stone?

Granite paving is a natural stone that stands out amongst many others because of its composition and color. Granite pavers are natural paving slabs made from natural products. They have straight machine-cut edges and a textured surface that adds to their beauty. Also, it varies in composition and comes in different colors; black, rose, gray, and yellow are some standard colors you will find around. 

Granite slabs are among the best paving materials for indoor or outdoor use. They can be polished to achieve a smoother appearance or flamed for a rustic touch. This paving material creates an exciting paving style when used at home or in business areas. 

How to lay granite paving

When granite is probably installed, it can withstand heavy weight and traffic for an extended period. Here’s how to lay your granite driveway.

1. Choose The Depth

Before you start working on installing your granite pavers, you need to determine the area you want to pave. Determine the desired height for your pavers and continue by measuring the thickness of your paver and the thickness of the bedding mix. Your measurements will help you decide the excavation depth you need for your pavement. For driveways and walkways, your pavement depth must be thicker to withstand traffic and pressure. 

2. Lay The Base For Your Slabs

For your pavement base, there are a few options you can consider. You can use gravel, stone, mortar, or crushed base to lay your slabs. Ensure your base is leveled evenly across the surface; take time to apply it layer by layer until it’s evenly compacted. Outline the areas with a garden hose and then mark the areas with spray paint before digging the ground. 

3. Add a Sand Layer

Ensure everything you need is ready before you lay your natural granite slab. Fine sand, such as paver sand or play sand, is suitable for your layer. Add a sand layer and level with a plate compactor to set your base into place and ensure stability. To settle the sand after compacting, you can spray it with water.

4. Place an Edge Restraint on your stone Slab

To prevent your stone slabs from moving or scattering, use polyvinyl or lumbar for the edge restraint. Place your granite slab gently and close to each other: ensure that your granite slab stays within each other. If the sides of your slabs are unequal, you can use a masonry saw to trim off or cut the pavers into your desired size or shape so they can all fit in. 

5. Fill The Gaps

You might find wide joints between the pavers when you place slabs. You can fill this joint with mortar or grout. Also, you should allow your new pavement to set in before driving in. 

Granite pavers and paving slabs

Granite pavers for patio and driveway

  • GRAVALOCK PERMEABLE PAVER: 22 in. x 22 in. x 1 in. Black Slim Grid Plastic Pavers (12-Pavers/40.5 sq. ft.).
    These granite pavers are durable plastic of the highest caliber, suitable for your driveway. They can support the weight of light residential cars.
  • GRAVALOCK PERMEABLE PAVER: 22 in. x 22 in. x 1.5 in. Premium Grid Plastic (12 Pavers/40.50 sq. ft.).
    These pavers are durable and can support loads carried by heavy commercial trucks. Granite can be used to fill the grids and ensure you achieve a porous surface.
  • Techno Earth: 19.7 in. x 19.7 in. x 1.9 in. Black Permeable Plastic Grass Pavers for Parking Lots, Driveways (4 Pieces/11 sq.ft.).
    Techno Earth’s permeable pavers were built for granite parking lots and grassy roads. They help curb flooding and prevent water from getting near your front door.
  • VEVOR:  Gravel Grid 9 ft. x 17 ft. x 2 in. Geocell Ground Grid 153 sq. ft. Patio Ground Grid Paver for Slope Driveways.
    Vevor’s Gravel Grid is made of HDPE – A sustainable material that is easy to cut and attach for DIY. It has enough tensile strength to support your granite driveway for ages.
  • VEVOR: Ground Grid 1885 lb. per sq. ft. Load Weed Barrier 2 in. Depth Patio Pavers 27 x 4 ft. Ground Stabilization Grid for DIY.
    Vevor’s three-dimensional honeycomb granite pavers are made from high-density polyethylene. It is recyclable and has a structure that boosts carrying capacity.
  • Techno Earth: 9 ft. x 17 ft. x 2-inch Geocell Black Honeycomb Ground Grid HDPE Plastic Paver (160 sq. ft.). This black honeycomb granite paver supports strong driving loads, including landscaping, parking lots, and driveways.

How do you maintain granite paving?

Granite paving material is very durable and sustainable. It has many benefits, but it needs maintenance to avoid looking horrible. Cleaning granite pavers will help maintain your driveway or outdoor landscaping.

The cleaning frequency of driveways is affected by traffic volume, weather conditions, and dust. Cleaning of granite pavers in driveways that don’t experience so much traffic should be done once a month. While cleaning your driveway, refrain from using harsh chemicals or acid, and be careful when cleaning around the pavement joints. 

Should you seal granite paving?

A penetrating seal gets absorbed into your pavement and protects it from damage, stains, and extreme weather conditions. Sealing also prevents the settling of dirt and other harsh substances. The sealant also helps restore your pavement’s color and protect your black granite. A sealed granite driveway will last longer and enhance the beauty of your driveway.

Further ReadingStone Sealers – How They Work and Guide to the Best Products

Granite paving: cleaning and maintenance

How to clean granite pavers

Granite is a strong material and does not require much maintenance. Keep it on your pavement for a short time when cleaning with a cleaning solution. You can clean your driveway with a pressure washer or a garden hose. 

  • For your granite, avoid using abrasive solutions because they will scratch the surface and disfigure the look. 
  • Avoid acids and alkaline solutions not specifically formulated for natural granite pavers. 
  • Bleach, vinegar, and ammonia are dangerous for your granite. Avoid using these substances and purchase proper cleaning solutions for your driveway. 
  • For stains, spills, or harsh substances, clean immediately. Your granite pavement can easily absorb these spills if left for too long. 

How to remove oil stains from granite paving

Various oils can leave unsightly stains on paved surfaces. A vehicle’s oil leak on a stone driveway is a common cause. However, paver patios near a grill or outdoor kitchen can have oil and grease deposits.

  • Garages and outdoor kitchens should have paper towels, rags, and oil-absorbent materials.
  • If oil or grease just got there, use a clean rag or paper towel to blot (don’t rub) the area lightly. Most oil stains on pavers can be taken off with dish soap or laundry detergent. Put the soap right on the stain and let it sit for 20 to 30 minutes. Then scrub it with a brush with nylon bristles and wash it with hot water. If you need to, do this step again.
  • If you want to get rid of oil stains on pavers that have dried and soaked in, soak up as much oil as you can. Gather up the stuff. Granular materials should be left in the area for about 6 hours. Follow the steps above for stains that just happened.

Granite paving ideas 

The selection of granite pavers can be exhausting. 

  1. Black Granite Sett Paving Blocks: particularly beautiful for home or business driveways. These traditional stone setts are robust, durable, and withstand high traffic or heavyweight.

  1. Granite Cobblestone: If you are trying to achieve a classy rustic look for your driveway, you won’t be wrong with this natural granite slab. They are available in various styles and shapes.

  1. Silver Granite: this slab has a light grey tone and a spot of black around it.

  1. Dark Grey Granite Paving: these dark grey granite slabs are perfect. They are solid and easy to maintain.

  1. Beige Granite Pavers: Beige granite pavers are suitable for driveways, patios, walkways, gardens, and other outdoor paving.


Granite pavers add character to your homes and business space. This paving option is safe and stylish. It’s durable and appears vibrant because of different tones and colors. It’s easy to maintain and has proven to be a worthy investment.

Stone Sealers

Stone sealers keep your stone’s appearance natural. They don’t make the stone darker, change its color, or add any form of shine. They work particularly with polished stone. That’s why when you examine the sturdy and eccentric beauty of fireplaces in hundred-year-old mansions, you’d realize that natural stones are one of the most precious things out there. They last a lifetime and can never have a bad-looking day with the best natural stone sealers.

Natural stone sealers are developed to protect and improve the color of flagstone and natural stone surfaces. The stones are laced with linked capillary tubes allowing liquid and gas infiltration. Stone sealers prevent the ease with which these capillaries are infiltrated. Long-term contact with water, oil, grease, and other pollutants causes the stone to deteriorate progressively and develop unsightly stains. As a result, most stone tiles and slabs need to be sealed with a high-quality stone sealer to prevent discoloration and damage.

This article addresses how to recognize the best stone sealers to purchase when you’re ready to upgrade your countertops, floors, and fireplace. We also give you samples of the best sealer for natural stone to help your next project.

Should exterior stones be sealed?

We love natural stones because they are aesthetically pleasing. And no matter the price, most people are willing to make the investment and bring beauty to the exterior of their homes and business. These natural stones are solid and durable, yet they need essential maintenance to stand the test of time. With very porous natural stones, harmful substances and bacteria easily find their way into your pavement. No matter where you have installed your natural stones, sealing the surface has many advantages. These include:

Should exterior stone be sealed?

Ease of Maintenance 

Maintaining a stone’s cleanliness and good looks is the main advantage of a sealing product. A stone can maintain its radiant and sophisticated quality for ages with minimal maintenance. A top-notch stone sealer will ease the stress of cleaning considerably. It also gives you more time to work on other important tasks on your schedule. 

Using a sealer prevents stains from embedding in your stones, which is never a good look for your home. A good sealer will also keep the surface from collecting too much moisture. This saves you the extra energy needed to polish your stones in an attempt to erase streaks.

Protect surfaces from stains

Natural stones are porous and prone to stains that last a lifetime. Using a good stone sealer will prevent stains from grease, tires, and grease from being permanent parts of your precious stone surfaces.

Countertops Look Brand New At All Times

Natural stones have an enduring form and beauty. An excellent protective coat can prevent the attachment of insufferable plaques to soil its beauty. With a bit of cleaning, you can keep your countertop for ages.

How do I choose a stone sealer?

Using a natural stone sealer for your flagstones and natural stone countertops, fireplaces, and floorings is a brilliant idea when you make the right choice. However, if you have no idea how to do this, you can make a decision that can sabotage your good work very early. To choose the best sealer that’s good for your pavement, you must consider some key factors.

Type of stones to be used

Some stones are sedimentary rocks and are more porous than others. Stones such as limestone, marble, and sandstone require a more durable natural stone sealant. 

How to choose a stone sealer

The type of application

The second thing to consider is how to apply the stone sealant. When compared to horizontal, a vertical application hardly gets stains on them. This is because the vertical surface allows water to run down any stain quickly. Horizontal application without a quality drainage system allows water to form puddles and stay longer on the surface of your driveway or walkways. A vertical application like your windows or doors may not stain easily. When you apply a sealant on your exterior, you are repelling water and other harmful substances from penetrating the surface.

Type Of Area to Be sealed

Another critical factor to consider is the area to be sealed. Some surfaces are exposed to traffic and heavy loads and deteriorate faster than others. Your driveway and walkways need the best natural sealant to withstand pressure. 

Basic Maintenance 

The next factor to consider is how your stone is maintained. If your stone is constantly exposed to harsh cleaning substances and water cleaning regularly, it will deteriorate faster. It would help if you considered a water-repellent sealer that’s durable. 

Your Budget

Finally, your budget will affect the sealant choice. With a high budget, you can choose the most suitable natural stone sealant for your home or business use. Whichever the case may be, we have put together a list of the top natural stone sealants for you to choose from. We will get a commission if you purchase your sealant from these links. 

A guide to choose the best stone sealers

How does a stone sealer work?

Stone sealers consist of petroleum-based solvents or dissolved resins in water, which prevent your patios, driveways, and walkways from absorbing stains. 

You can seal your stone pavers before and after installing them on your landscape. When a stone sealer is applied on your paving surface, it gets absorbed into the pores and plugs up the pavers. The sealer will dry and harden the surfaces. 

A natural stone sealant creates a barrier on your pavement that keeps spilled substances away and makes it easier for you to clean without struggling. As a result, natural stone sealers block stone pores and prevent deep draining. 

However, some stones are very porous; no matter how well they are sealed, when stains are allowed on the surface for a long time, they might absorb the substance and leave behind a horrible pigmentation. This is why we advised getting a dense stone and the best stone sealers that penetrate every single pore and protect the stone surface and the deeper layers from quickly absorbing stains.

Which is the best stone sealer?

BEHR PREMIUM: 1 gal. Wet Look Sealer

This product is loved and cherished for the gloss finish it leaves post-application. The Behr Premium’s wet-look sealer does an excellent job of protecting and preserving the innate grace of your concrete floors and surfaces.

EAGLE: 1 gal supreme Seal Clear High Gloss Solvent-Based Acrylic Concrete Sealer

This is a clear and tough acrylic sealer applicable to all kinds of concrete surfaces. The sealer usually leaves the dry surface with a glossy and satisfying appearance that doesn’t wear off quickly.

EAGLE: 5 gal Clear Wet Look Solvent Based Acrylic Concrete Paver Sealer

This clear, high-gloss, long-lasting acrylic film shields your concrete. Your concrete will appear brand-new and shielded from weather-related damage and color fading. All forms of concrete, including plain, stamped, acid-stained, and concrete pavers, are protected and made more attractive with this sealer.

Glaze ‘N Seal: 5 Gal. Clear Paver Sealer and Sand Stabilizer

This unique clear paver sealer and sand stabilizer promise the unique and desirable look you aspire to see on your concrete floors, especially interlocks and bricks. They repel dirt effortlessly and leave a finished wet look that appeals to the eyes.

Dyco Paint: Paver Sealer 5 gal. 7200 Clear Gloss Exterior Solvent Acrylic Sealer 

The best solvent acrylic sealer for sealing and safeguarding bare or unsealed cement pavers. Dyco Paint Paver Sealer offers a long-lasting wet-look finish and is sturdy. Excellent for pool decks, patios, and walks.

BEHR PREMIUM: 1 gal. Low-Lustre Sealer

The BEHR PREMIUM Low-Lustre Sealer would be much appreciated on any surface, indoor or outdoors, a previously coated or uncoated surface, or a vertical or horizontal surface. The low-luster sealer covers many surfaces, from the tile work indoors to your pavers.

BEHR PREMIUM: 1 Gal. Natural Protector and Waterproofer

This BEHR Premium Natural protector and waterproofer have a superior silicone formulation that allows it to penetrate the surface of concrete, unglazed tiles, and many other surfaces to protect against corrosion and salt damage.

Foundation Armor: 5 gal. Solvent Based Acrylic 

Wet Look Concrete Sealer and Paver Sealer is a well-adored concrete and paver sealer with superior low gloss and wet-look finish. It is best known for the instant life it gives dull and fading concrete and pavers.

How long do sealers last on stone?

There is a range of stone sealers available in the market for you. Depending on the type of stone, the area to be sealed, maintenance, and budget, an excellent natural stone sealer should last three to five years. Therefore, sealing your pavement will help sustain the life of your stone pavers and keep them neat. Ensure you use a quality sealer if you want your patios, walkways, and driveways to remain durable and breathable.


Sealing your pavement is essential if you want to maintain it; however, sealing alone isn’t enough to keep it in good shape for an extended period. Your driveway, patios, or walkway needs to be cleaned regularly. Also, your sealer landscape can last an average of five years. You can repair or reseal it when it starts to wear out.

Rainbow Sandstone

Homeowners all across the United States are beginning to appreciate the beauty and uniqueness of natural stone paving. Granites, limestones, flagstones, sandstones, marble, bluestones, and travertines increase the aesthetic of patios, walkways, and driveways. They are also low-maintenance, durable, and offer versatile styles.

Natural stone paving is a more prestigious, durable, and stylish hardscape option than colored concrete because it was created by minerals that took thousands of years or longer to form. It is a choice for creating a genuinely distinctive outdoor living environment. Instead of requiring high-energy, fuel-burning processes that release significant volumes of CO2 into the environment, it can be extracted from the ground and processed using low-energy technology. This means natural stone pavers are recyclable in a way that concrete ones aren’t; in our eco-friendly world, this is a big deal.

Outdoor paving made of natural stone is often used for patios, driveways, and sidewalks. The materials are made by the forces of nature, as the name suggests. Choosing between natural stone and concrete would become even simpler because, in this article, we explore how to lay your natural stone paving, the benefits and why it is better than concrete.

What is natural stone paving?

Natural stone paving involves using slabs made from natural rocks to pave outdoor areas. So what are natural stone pavers? 

Stone pavers are made from rocks, and they have different characteristics. Natural stone pavers include but are not limited to granite, sandstone, limestone, flagstone, travertine, bluestone, and rainbow sandstone. Natural pavers come in various colors, shapes, textures, and sizes.

How to lay natural stone paving?

Below is a step-by-step guide on how to lay your natural stone paving.

Choose Your Natural Stone paver

The first step to laying your natural stone paving starts with a choice. Deciding on the best natural stone paver can be stressful. You might be caught in between limestone or granite, sandstone or flagstone. The first step to laying your natural stone paving starts with making a choice.

The first step to laying your natural stone paving starts with making a choice. Mark The Area You Want To Pave 

When you have decided on the paving stone to use, the next step is to define the area to be paved. You can do this with spray paint, grade stakes, or a string. 

Dig Out The Area

The next step is digging out the area to be paved. Before digging, ensure you take out all obstacles. Ensure you dig a good and well-leveled hole. 6-8 inches of topsoil is needed to give it a base.

Lay your base material

Crushed rocks or gravel with moisture makes your work easier to carry out. Use crushed rocks about 3-4 inches for workable surfaces. When laying a base for a driveway, you need 5 inches or more.

Prepare Your Sand Base

The next step is to pour your second layer, the sand base. Your sand base is the strata between your base and your pavers. Pour about half an inch of sand on your rock and lay it out smoothly. 

Lay Your Pavers

The final step is to lay your pavers gently. It’s good to start laying your stone slabs on a straight edge. Keeping your edges straight will determine the result.

If you notice a depression after laying your pavers, fill it up with more sand and if the stone pavers look a little bit higher than the rest, use a rubber mallet to level it carefully. A hammer, chisel, or diamond blade will help you do the work. 

Restrain The Edges

The moment you are done laying your pavers, you will need to restrain the edges. This process is done with plastic, concrete, or steel strips. They prevent your stones from sliding apart.

Natural stone paving: how to clean and how to lay it

How to clean natural stone paving?

Simple cleaning routines will help your natural stone pavers stand the test of time, look beautiful and remain clean. The number of times you will need to clean your natural stone paving depends on several factors, including the season you are in. In the fall, your stone pavers need to be cleaned regularly to reduce the number of fallen leaves and ensure they don’t decompose on your stones. 

Use the Right Cleaning Product

Using the right cleaning substance is the first step in cleaning your natural stone paving. Avoid harsh substances in the quest to get your natural stone pavers looking neat and spotless. Go for a cleaning agent that has a neutral pH level.

Regular Sweep

A good sweep once a week will boost the lifespan of your landscape. Clean off the debris and keep fallen leaves away from your patios or driveways.

Clean Up Spills

Stone pavers are susceptible to damage from high or low-pH; when you spill juice or food, ensure that you clean it off. Also, clean off any stain before it settles on your natural stones. If your stone paving is installed over a large area, employ ride-on cleaning machines or pressure cleaners to do the job for you and remove debris where your brooms can’t reach.

Seal Your Patios Or Driveways Regularly

Sealing your natural stone paving will do more good to your driveways. Sealing protects your pavement from cracking easily and prevents moisture from settling into your stone pavers. 


Sometimes, the only choice you will be left with is to replace the severely damaged or stained areas or stones. Replacing just an area or stone won’t cost a hand and a leg. 

Should natural stone be sealed?

Like other materials, sealing helps maintain and protect your patios or driveways from cracks, dirt, and stains. Sealing also improves the aesthetic of your paved surface and prolongs the lifespan of your natural stones.

Natural stone pavings should be sealed?

How to seal natural stone paving?

Using a sealant can improve the lifespan of your natural stone pavers and your patios, driveways, or walkways. Ensure that you choose the most suitable sealant for your natural stone pavers. Once you’ve purchased your sealant, you can carefully follow these steps to seal your pavement

Clean The Surface To Be Sealed

To seal your natural stone, you must ensure that your walkways, patios, or driveways are clean and free from debris. 

Check Your Weather Forecast

Sealing must be done on a dry surface. An unexpected rain will destroy your work. It would help if you had a temperature range of 5°c – 20°c.

Protect yourself

If you easily get upset by smell, wear a mask and protective clothing. 

Test your sealant

Using a small area, seal gently to ensure you have a suitable sealant. Once you have confirmed that you have a suitable sealant, apply the first coat of sealant around the paved area. This is the impregnation coat. 

Apply the second coat 

Apply the second coat of sealant, surface protection; you must let it dry. To get a fine finish, walk back in the opposite direction and ensure you don’t seal any patches or debris.

Allow To Dry

Allow drying for 3-4 hours. And your natural stone paving is dried and ready for use. 

Natural Stone Vs. Concrete

There is no doubt that choosing between concrete and natural stone can be a bit confusing for many. Although concrete is inexpensive and appears colorful, they have several backlashes that make natural stone paving stand out. 


Maintaining stone pavers is less difficult compared to concrete. Stone pavers barely develop cracks; they are easy to fix if they crack. The repair cost is not as expensive as the cost of repairing concrete. 

Style choices and Aesthetic

Because stone pavers are natural rocks that come in different natural colors, sizes, and shapes, you wouldn’t have to worry about installing a boring style. Your style choices are versatile to fit the project you have in mind. 

Easy Installation 

Installing concrete is quite demanding; labor, grading, and backfilling will stress you out. And because concrete easily cracks, you must be super careful and diligent. On the brighter side, stone pavers will always save the day. You can install your stone pavers by yourself. The time and effort it takes are enough to allow you to have fun on your patio. 


Natural stone pavers or rocks are eco-friendly and 100% sustainable. Stone pavers look beautiful as they age. 

Limestone is a natural stone used for paving

Is natural stone cheaper than pavers and concrete?

Concrete is less costly than natural stone. This is because they require fewer resources to manufacture and are more affordable per square foot. 

Natural stone is more expensive than concrete and other paving materials. Stone pavers require more time and resources to manufacture; however, the overall cost of natural stone paving depends on the size of the space to be covered and your budget. 

The average cost to install natural stone pavers is between $17.17- $22:89 per square foot, and the total cost will depend on other factors. Location, area covered, e.t.c. 


Natural stone paving is one of the best methods of paving your patios, walkways, or driveways. Natural stone pavers will stand the test of time when it comes to your patio, walkway, or driveway lifespan.

Limestone Paving

Limestone paving has proven to add elegance and charm to outdoor spaces. Every homeowner wants stone paving that adds aesthetics, structure, character, and class to their patio and exterior landscape. Limestone paving has the style, versatility, and durability you want for your stone paving. It is used on patios, exteriors, or driveways to give a flatter and smoother surface. Limestone is the cornerstone you can’t throw away if you are looking for a hard-wearing surface. 

Limestone paving is an essential option if you’re considering ancient exterior aesthetics. The landscape has very soft color variations than most natural stones. It has a high hardness level and delivers high-density colors with fewer holes than other stones. It also has an excellent natural appearance and anti-slip properties. Limestone paving has very high durability making it popular in gardens and walkways. It resists acid-liquid erosion and can be cleaned with a mild alkaline-based solution which preserves the beauty and protects the limestone patio.

What I see is a limestone landscape

W.H. Auden

W.H. Auden said this when he was asked to imagine paradise. Each piece of limestone pavement ages beautifully and can serve as an excellent paver for your home, garden, and patio. This article is the best guide to help you decide if limestone paving is the stone paving you want.

What is Limestone?

Limestone is a natural material found all over the world. It’s a rock made from carbonate and calcium. Limestone forms under the sea; in marine water that is calm, clear, and shallow. 

It is a durable natural stone that’s dense and hard-wearing. Limestone can withstand extreme temperatures and come in various colors for roads, patios, and driveways. The color variation is a result of the impurities that are found in the sediment.

A quarry where limestone for paving is extracted

Pros of limestone paving

Although limestone has setbacks, it also has a lot of advantages and benefits that make it stand out. When you want to decide on which pavement to use for your roads, driveways, or patios, it’s best to go over the advantages and disadvantages. This act will tell if you are making the right choice or not. 

Low- Maintenance 

Many people love limestone pavement because it requires little effort to maintain. 


Because limestone is naturally found in caves and mountains, they are durable. When used to pave our roads, gardens, or driveways, they can stand the test of time. 


Limestone is malleable and can be shaped to fit into garages, gardens, or patios. It enhances the softness and appearance of your environment. 

Limestone is Eco-friendly. 

You don’t have to worry about harming the environment when you use limestone as a paving material. Limestone is sustainable as it doesn’t emit carbon into the atmosphere. 

Water Absorption

Limestone absorbs minimal amounts of water and can tolerate extreme weather conditions. It is a good option to explore for homeowners living in a rainy environment. 

Cons of Limestone Pavement

Salt can cause the scaling of the limestone.

Sand is needed to ice the limestone drive or walkway. It can cause splitting, flaking or cracking, and fragmentation of the pathway. 

Poor Foundation.

Limestone foundation capability is poor. When you use limestone to construct dams, roads, or driveways, it could cave in at any time due to changes in water pH and dissolve. 

Limestone paving is very smooth and can be slippery when wet

Is limestone paving slippery when wet?

The question of whether limestone paving is slippery or not depends on the finished surface of the pavement. Usually, limestone has a smooth surface, and when wet, it is slippery. However, it enhances and supports the surface when limestone pavement is finished with other gripping finishers. Like any stone, when the surface is polished, they become slippery when wet. 

Natural stones are not inherently risky and are formed to allow you to hit rock bottom. But to be on the safe side and to avoid any possibility of hurting one sledge, you should consider a honed finishing. Honed or sand-blasted stone has a smooth but textured and firmer finish. It has less sheen and doesn’t reflect light. But the surface is strong, firm, and safer during rainy seasons or when wet floors are. 

A honed finish prevents you from hitting rock bottom. It helps your driveway or walkway pavement to retain its footing and is slip-resistant and perfect for outdoor use. 

Do you need to seal limestone paving?

You need to seal your limestone pavement to last the test of time. Sealing maintains the natural appearance of the stone and prevents stains. 

Do you need to clean your limestone paving?

Limestone is a popular material used to pave walkways, driveways, and patios. Because of how shiny and beautiful the surface is, it’s used indoors to enhance the beauty of the environment.  However, this smooth and eye-catching paving material would get clean quickly if not maintained well. Learning how to clean your limestone pavement will help prolong its life and keep it cleaned.

Before cleaning your limestone pavement, it’s good to consider its features. Limestone paving reacts with acid because it’s made up of calcium carbonate. When you decide to clean your limestone exterior, walkways, or patios, you should use substances that won’t accumulate and react with your pavement. When you bear all of these in mind, your limestone will look perfectly clean and outstanding after cleaning. 

Does limestone pave stain?

Limestone is a durable material that can easily stain if not maintained properly. Most limestone pavements are coated with sealing substances, preventing them from oil or substance stains. If you find any stains on your sealed pavement, it’s possible that the seal is wearing off and needs to be renewed. The key to preserving your pavement is careful cleaning, maintenance, and surface protection. 

A limestone cleaner or stain removal will help remove any stain on your pavement. It will carefully clean and remove any oil stain without scratching it or disrupting the natural color of your pavement. If you are unsure about carefully cleaning your pavement, contact a professional limestone cleaner to do the work. 

Limestone paving colors and ideas

Midnight black limestone is smooth, flat, and slip-resistant, with a uniform appearance. It is easy to lay and beautiful. This carbon limestone paving has been calibrated to 25mm.

Dove grey limestone paving with a consistent depth of 22mm. This dove grey paving saves you time and money because it’s easy and quick to lay. Quality maintenance can help your limestone patios last the test of time.

Kota green limestone gives your patio or exterior a brilliant appearance. It comes in different sizes.

Kota Blue Limestone paving. This blue blend of Kota ocean limestone paving makes your patio or exterior beautiful. Black accessories enhance the beauty of this ocean.

This limestone gives your patios and exterior a traditional vibe. It’s brilliant and decorated with cream, white, and grey patches.

How to lay limestone paving

Before laying your limestone paving, you must cut out your limestone slabs. This process is the most challenging due to the toughness of the stone; regardless if you have the right tools, it will help simplify the process for you. To cut your stone, you must:

  • Measure your slab with a pencil and ruler. Ensure you measure the correct dimension or the patterns you want to create. 
  • With a diamond floor saw, cut off your slabs. You will want to take your time cutting to avoid destroying the slabs.
  • When you are done cutting, you will need to smooth out the edges of your slabs. We want to have the best pavement and not some rough work. 

Now that we have all our slabs ready, it’s time to get into the main job. Laying your slab by individually bedding each slab into a full-mortar bed can be exciting. We will work you through the steps involved.  

The mortar bed you need to lay your slab is usually made up of six parts soft sand, one part cement, six parts sharp sand, and only one part cement. A good mix will provide a solid foundation for your limestone patio. An electric or petrol mixer will make the mix more accessible and practical.

A step-by-step guide to laying your limestone paving:

  • The mixture to be spread must be more profound than the slab. Make sure the layer is 50mm thick. 
  • Gently lay your slab down onto the bed, using a rubber mallet to go over the surface until it is leveled.
  • Place the rest of the slab, and go over the surface with a rubber mallet. Ensure you leave a gap of 10-12mm between each slab.
  • With mortar joints, fill up the gaps in between your slabs. 
  • A pointing mortar is made from a mixture of one part of cement with six parts of sand. With a pointing trial, insert your mortar into the joints carefully. 
  • Using a stiff brush, remove any excess from the surface before it tries off.


Your paving choice for your patios and exteriors should depend on your preference, the style you want to achieve, the durability, maintenance level, property type, and, of course, the result.

Patio drainage options

Anyone who’s ever dealt with a flood knows the value of proper drainage. Whether from a downpour, a burst pipe, or another type of flood, drainage will eventually be an issue. When it comes to your patio, a fully functioning drainage system will keep the water where it should be and protect your home’s foundation from water damage. 

Patio drainage options are the choices you make about the direction of stormwater and runoff on your property. Improper drainage can leave standing water on your patio and cause long-term damage. Avoid future damage and maximize the use of your outdoor space by including a patio drainage system in your construction plans.

Read on to learn:

  • Why does your patio need a drainage system?
  • What are the main patio drainage options?
  • Common patio drainage problems and solutions
  • 10 Patio Drainage Ideas
  • Popular patio drains and drainage products
Why does your patio need a drainage system?

Why does your patio need a drainage system?

Whether you have an existing patio with standing water after a storm or you’re planning to construct the patio of your dreams, proper drainage should be a priority. If you wanted standing water on your patio, you’d have built a pool. 

Ensure the health and longevity of your patio and home by installing and maintaining a proper drainage system. Your foundation benefits from the protection, and your wallet is spared expensive repair costs to fix avoidable damage. When you question whether your plan is sufficient, consult the experts. 

Further Reading – Tips for Hiring a Local Paving Company 

whatConsequences of Poor Patio Drainage
ErosionWithout a system to keep water in the right place, it can erode the soil under your patio. If too much soil washes away, your patio may become unstable and dangerous to use.
Water DamagePoor drainage allows water to seep into your foundation, crawlspace, or basement, creating the potential for water damage. A damaged foundation puts your entire home at risk.
Insect InvasionStanding water attracts insects, particularly mosquitos, which are enough to ruin any outdoor experience.
MoldPoor drainage seeping water into basements or crawlspaces will create mold, leading to poor air quality and damage to structural elements. It also causes mildew, which could damage your pavers.
Drowned PlantsPlants need water, but too much will kill them. Poor drainage can cause root rot and plant death.

Further Reading – How to Clean Pavers – Tips for Cleaning Patio or Driveway

What are the main patio drainage options?

  • Slope 

Why not use nature’s advantages when designing your outdoor space? If you set a proper slope and grade of at least a quarter-inch per linear foot, water should flow away from the areas you need to protect naturally without much more work on your part.

  • French drain

If your patio site doesn’t have enough natural drainage, consider adding a French drain to channel the water where you want it. A French drain is a covered trench holding a perforated pipe and aggregate (gravel) to redirect water. 

A French drain is an excellent option if you’re concerned about the aesthetics of your patio. You can match the aggregate to the rest of your patio, and the drainage trench adds an attractive border to your outdoor area.

  • Permeable pavers

For your patio, permeable pavers are another way to integrate drainage into your aesthetic design. Take advantage of the land’s natural water absorption for sustainable landscaping choices. You also have the option to use permeable grass pavers, which incorporate living plant material to help harvest and recycle rainwater while preserving green space. You can also include permeable pavers in French drains.

Further Reading – How Long Before You Can Drive on Pavers?

Common patio drainage problems and solutions

Further Reading – How to Drain Asphalt Driveway Puddles

Improper pitch

While a completely level surface for your patio sounds ideal; it’s actually a recipe for disaster. Runoff water has nowhere to go on a level surface, leaving you with standing water to cause water damage. Plan a gradual slope while designing your patio to avoid this problem before it starts. 

Clogged drain system

Especially with older patios, leaves and debris may clog an existing drainage system. Depending on the severity of the clog, the fix could be as simple as clearing a grate cover. 

Further Reading – Ultimate Guide to Storm Drain Repair – 8 Essential Elements

Badly placed downspouts and roof overhangs

Your patio is near your house, though not necessarily built simultaneously. If you don’t consider the placement of roof overhangs and downspouts when planning your patio drainage, you may face future problems. Simply reroute the water flow to the drainage system. 

Sinking pavers

Erosion is one of the problems you may face from improper drainage on your patio. Pull up the pavers in question and examine the base underneath. You should excavate down past the top layer of soil and lay a base of gravel or crushed stone to help control drainage and soil erosion. 

Further Reading – Alternative Driveway Materials – Considerations for Your Next Project

Drainage ideas for your patio

10 Patio drainage ideas

1. Dry creek bed xeriscaping

Direct stormwater away from your foundation with dry creek bed xeriscaping (landscaping requiring little or no irrigation). Using rocks of various sizes, build a channel for rainwater to move along, letting you control the course. As an added design element, you can add solar lights. 

Further Reading – Best 20 Driveway Lights – The Ultimate Buying Guide

2. Build a yard drain

If you’re already familiar with the parts of your lawn or patio prone to flooding, try installing a yard drain. A network of buried pipes will carry the water away from the drain. 

3. Install a rain barrel

Put the excess water collected by your downspouts to good use instead of wasting it. Place a rain barrel next to your downspout and use it later for your garden. Some states have made rainwater collection illegal, so please check the law before putting a rain barrel in your yard.

4. Build a French drain

A French drain offers a long-lasting drainage system that is not likely to clog when built properly. With a trench, perforated PVC pipe, and permeable aggregate like gravel, you can build an effective and attractive drainage system for your patio. 

5. Replace concrete with drainage materials

If your concrete or asphalt patio consistently holds standing water, consider replacing it with permeable pavers to distribute the water properly while still providing a usable space. 

Further Reading – Residential Asphalt Paving – Everything You Need to Know

6. Install a catch basin

If you notice water pooling frequently at the base of your gutter downspouts, consider adding a catch basin beneath them to protect your foundation. Collect the excess stormwater and allow it to flow into buried PVC pipes away from your home. 

Further Reading – How to Build A Concrete Catch Basin – 8 Steps to Follow

7. Build a dry well

If you have the potential for a large volume of stormwater, you might want to build a dry well as a failsafe for your patio drainage. A dry well is a large underground basin filled with rocks of various sizes. It collects large amounts of water and slowly distributes it to the surrounding soil. 

8. Use downspout extensions

If stormwater overtakes the ability of your downspouts, add extensions to divert the water flow further away from your foundation. Downspout extensions are one of the fastest, least expensive ways to boost your patio drainage. 

9. Add a channel drain

If your current drainage or slope sends water in the wrong direction, use a channel drain to divert the water to your chosen path. 

10. Use permeable pavers on paths as drainage

Add proper drainage to your patio or lawn with permeable pavers over a French drain. You will add attractive paths to your outdoor space while ensuring proper drainage protects your foundation.

Further Reading – Asphalt Water Guide – Prevent Your Asphalt from Water Damage

Popular patio drains and drainage products

This 6”x6” insert fits 3” and 4” drainpipes and is perfect for adding a drain to any drainage system. Reviewers gave overwhelmingly positive ratings, saying they liked the look and the ease of installation. The design also allows easy grate removal to clean and maintain your drain. 

This easy 3-inch interlocking trench system is a popular choice for anyone wanting to add a channel drain to their yard or patio drainage system. The kit has five pieces, including two end caps and the bottom outlet adapter. Customers said it was easy to use and worked well. 

The geogrid design is perfect for either sloped or flat land. The pockets allow you to choose loose aggregate or soil and grass seed. The recycled polyethylene grid virtually eliminates erosion and is an excellent choice for poor or unstable soil areas.

Ensure your patio works with your drainage system with these interlocking patio deck tiles. They allow water to drain underneath, and customers love how fast and easy it is to use them. The set contains nine 11.75”x11.75” tiles. 

Why worry about designing a catch basin when you can use this ready-made option? Convenience meets function with this catch basin drain kit. Reviewers said it was easy to use and worked as expected. 

Drainage solutions for your patio


It’s important to know your patio drainage options and to pick one that suits your location. Proper patio drainage will help protect your home’s foundation and basement from water damage while giving you full use of your outdoor space. No matter what style you choose for your patio, there are drainage options to fit seamlessly with your design.

Concrete maintenance

Proper concrete maintenance can be the difference between still looking new years later and a surface people walk across fearing for their safety. While concrete is a long-lasting, durable material, it still requires maintenance to ensure longevity. Concrete repairs can be expensive and intensive, but you can largely avoid them with proper concrete maintenance.

Concrete maintenance covers all the steps you take to keep your structure looking and functioning at its best. Cleaning and sealing are the most important aspects of general preservation, but it’s vital to know the specifics of your material and its conservation needs. Whether your concrete is stamped, colored, polished, or standard, it needs maintenance to last its lifespan.

Read on to learn:

  • Does concrete require a lot of maintenance?
  • How often does concrete need maintenance?
  • What maintenance does concrete need?
  • Concrete driveway maintenance
  • Concrete patio maintenance
  • Does stamped concrete need maintenance?
  • Concrete parking lot maintenance
  • Colored concrete maintenance
  • Polished concrete maintenance
  • How to keep concrete clean
  • How to preserve concrete

1. Does concrete require a lot of maintenance?

Throughout its lifetime, your concrete will likely require little in the way of maintenance and routine care. With proper maintenance, expect your concrete to preserve its function and appearance for the structure’s life, with few repairs necessary. Concrete maintenance includes cleaning and sealing, removing stains, using compatible chemicals, limiting weight, and repairing all cracks and holes as soon as possible. 

Further Reading — Concrete Parking Lot Repair — Everything you need to know

Concrete stones: how often does concrete need maintenance?

2. How often does concrete need maintenance?

At a minimum, concrete should be cleaned yearly, ideally in the spring. Cleaning removes dirt, salt, and grime built up over the winter. Depending on the level of wear, you need to reseal your concrete surface every 1-2 years to reduce moisture infiltration and stains. You should clean any spills as soon as possible to prevent stains. You should also repair any cracks or holes as soon as possible to prevent further damage to the concrete surface and the underlying support. 

Basic Concrete Maintenance Timeline

Maintenance TypeFrequencyEffect
Sweeping MonthlyRemoves surface dirt and debris
WashingYearlyRemoves surface dirt and helps prevents stains. 
Resealing18 Months to 3 YearsProtect the underlying concrete, preserve the clean appearance

3. What maintenance does concrete need?

Keep your concrete looking clean and bright instead of stained and dirty by making yearly cleaning a vital part of your concrete maintenance schedule. After cleaning in the spring, reseal the concrete surface to maximize your concrete’s lifespan. Other aspects of concrete maintenance include repairing cracks, joints, and holes, using the correct chemicals, and ensuring functional drainage for the area to preserve the support structure for your concrete surface.

As you already know, concrete is an expensive material. Sticking to a proper maintenance schedule allows you to protect your investment. 

4. Concrete driveway maintenance

Keeping a routine maintenance schedule for your concrete driveway will keep it looking fresh and new for years. Clean the driveway yearly, and depending on the weather in your area, traffic, and the amount of wear, reseal it every 1-2 years. 

To keep your driveway looking its best, remove all stains immediately before they absorb into the concrete and cause discoloration. Avoid using harsh deicing chemicals on your concrete driveway, as they can cause or contribute to surface damage. If you have issues with traction, consider using sand. 

While incredibly durable, your concrete driveway wasn’t built to support the weight of heavy machinery. Ensure these vehicles park on the street, where they won’t cause as much damage. 

Further Reading — Concrete Driveway Thickness — What is your best option?

5. Concrete patio maintenance

You want your concrete patio to look as vibrant at ten years as it did on day one. To keep it looking new, reseal your patio every 2-3 years. A structure to provide shade will make your patio more comfortable and extend the life of decorative finishes and sealers. Ensure your downspouts don’t drain onto your patio, and your drainage system moves the water where you want it. 

Using saucers under potted plants prevents soil, fertilizer, and water from staining your concrete. A power washer is an excellent tool for cleaning your concrete patio. Just be careful not to set the pressure too high or use too close a range, as it could damage the concrete. 

6. Does stamped concrete need maintenance?

Stamped concrete maintenance is slightly different from caring for a flat concrete slab. Never use a pressure washer on your stamped concrete. The high pressure can break down the sealer over time and increase the wear rate of the concrete. Use gentle cleaners to release the dirt and debris trapped in the crevices of your stamped concrete, and rinse with a garden hose. 

Reseal stamped concrete every 18-24 months to maximize the lifespan and protect color. You should avoid constant water exposure, scraping with metal furniture or shovels, salt and deicers, and acidic pet accidents on your stamped concrete to protect it as much as possible. 

7. Concrete parking lot maintenance

The most important thing you can do to maintain a concrete parking lot is to keep it clean and in good working condition. Oil stains and grime won’t damage the structure of the concrete, but stains will become permanent over time. Clean concrete lasts longer and helps convey a better image for your business. 

Seal cracks as soon as possible to prevent damage to the underlying structure and to avoid potholes. Sealing cracks in concrete stops water from getting under the concrete and eroding the support layers. Sweeping regularly and power washing yearly will help your concrete parking lot reach its expected 30-year lifespan. You will need to resurface your parking lot every 2-3 years to slow down its deterioration rate

Further Reading — What causes potholes — A complete guide to potholes

8. Colored concrete maintenance

The pigments in colored concrete extend through the slab, so even with surface abrasion, it should maintain its color and shouldn’t fade. Clean it as you would plain concrete— sweep away surface dirt and debris, wash the concrete with gentle soap and water, and use a specialized concrete cleaner for tough stains. When sealing, which should be done every 18-24 months, use the concrete sealer recommended by the manufacturer of your colored concrete, as they will know what works best. 

Further Reading — Resurfacing Concrete Parking Lot — How to get your concrete parking lot back to looking like new

9. Polished concrete maintenance

While a polished concrete floor is low-maintenance, it still requires some work to keep it in peak condition. Prevent surface damage by dust mopping daily with a clean microfiber pad. Mop your polished concrete floor with clean water and a non-acidic floor cleaner. Clean spills immediately to prevent any stains from penetrating the surface of the concrete. If the regular maintenance of your polished concrete floor is too much, consider hiring a professional service to care for it. 

10. How to keep concrete clean

One of the most important things to remember about cleaning concrete is to use compatible chemicals. Check the manufacturer’s specifications to make sure whatever you plan to use is safe for your concrete. Colored, polished, stamped, or decorative concrete may separate cleaners. 

Surprising ways to clean concrete:

  • Ammonia — Use to clean discoloration from concrete. Mix 1 gallon of water with 1 cup of ammonia and scrub the discolored spot. Rinse the concrete thoroughly when finished. Ammonia works well for animal urine and other organic stains.
  • Baking Soda — Try using baking soda to melt the ice on your concrete surface in winter. Baking soda is less harmful to your concrete than salt because it is less abrasive. 
  • Oven Cleaner — Use oven cleaner to tackle oil, grease, or transmission fluid spots on your concrete surface. Let it stand for 10 minutes before scrubbing with a stiff brush and rinsing thoroughly. 
  • Kool-Aid — One of the most surprising cleaners is unsweetened lemonade Kool-Aid. Mix it with hot water and wash away those rust stains. 
  • WD-40 — Spray a little WD-40 on stubborn oil stains and simply rinse with water. 

Further Reading — Parking Lot Cleaning — Steps to keep your lot clean

11. How to preserve concrete

The most effective way to preserve concrete is to keep it clean and regularly sealed. Proper maintenance extends the longevity of your concrete and keeps it looking fresh and bright. Sweep it often to clear away surface dirt and debris. Take care of spills immediately and wash the concrete surface regularly. Ensure a proper drainage system for the area so the layers supporting your concrete stay intact and don’t erode. Reseal your concrete on a steady schedule appropriate for the type and location.

Further Reading — How to build a concrete catch basin —  8 steps to follow


Concrete surfaces are expensive to prepare and pour, so it only makes sense to protect your investment with proper maintenance. Your concrete surface can last 30 years if you provide the right care. Sufficient maintenance will keep your concrete looking fresh and new years after it was poured. You can often avoid costly, labor-intensive concrete repairs with proper maintenance.

Sandstone slabs

With such a wide variety of paving options on the market today, you’re probably wondering whether or not sandstone slabs are right for you.

With versatility, durability, and a massive range of colors, sandstone slabs are one of the best paving options on the market today, used for a wide range of projects, including patios, gardens, and outdoor spaces.

If you want to know how to use sandstone for your next paving project, continue reading to learn all you need to know!

How Much Do Sandstone Slabs Cost?

Sandstone is one of the best mid-range paving options, which is one of the reasons why so many people use it for their outdoor projects. On average, you’ll end up spending around $30 to $50 per linear foot on the slab. 

For stone steps in an average-sized backyard, this price per linear foot equates to about $1,700 to $4,500

Not sure if sandstone is the right stone for your needs?

Check out our guide:

Sandstone vs. Limestone – An In-Depth Comparison Guide

The cost of sandstone slabs

Can You Seal Sandstone Slabs?

While you can seal your sandstone slabs, you don’t necessarily have to.

Think about it like this:

Natural stone has survived for thousands of years without the need for any chemical sealants. Even if you don’t give it a layer of sealant, it won’t wither away. However, with that said, there are benefits to sealing your sandstone slabs.

For starters, sandstone is a very porous material, meaning it will absorb water quicker than other stones, and stains can be nearly impossible to remove over time. So, if you have your sandstone paving in an area that gets wet really often and you want to maintain a pristine look, you may choose to seal your sandstone. 

Of course, some people like the natural look of sandstone without sealant. The way that it ages over time is like a fine wine, so it’s truly up to how “perfect” you want it to look many years down the line. 

Can You Paint Sandstone Slabs?

Yes, you can paint sandstone, though it can be a very difficult process that requires a lot of care. 

You need to begin by cleaning your sandstone thoroughly, removing any dirt or debris that may be on its surface. To get rid of this dirt and debris, you can use a cloth. You don’t want to use sandpaper, which is a material often used when cleaning other stones, as it can be damaging. 

After your sandstone is clean, you can apply your primer. Make sure it is neutral in color. To apply your primer, follow the instructions given to you by the manufacturer. We recommend using a spray gun, as it will allow you to get an even coat over the entire stone. 

After you’ve applied your primer, you can start applying a coat of latex paint. The color you choose is up to you. We recommend using a spray gun for this portion of the process again, as it can make sure the entire job is evenly done. 

Lastly, we recommend applying a clear sealant to ensure the paint is protected against any damage, especially if your stones are outside and exposed to the elements. 

We highly recommend looking at rainbow sandstone if you want sandstone with a unique color. 

Check it out in our guide:

Rainbow Sandstone – What Is It And When To Use It

How to lay slabs in a patio

How To Lay Sandstone Patio Slabs

Let’s look at a step-by-step of how to lay sandstone patio slabs. 

  1. Choose Your Area: The first thing you’ll need to do is decide where you want to lay your sandstone pavers. This area should be level, firm, and have good drainage. We recommend marking the area using some spray paint. 
  1. Start Digging: Using a small shovel or your hands, start digging until your sandstone area is 125mm deep + the depth of the pavers. When finished, your area should be about 150mm deeper than the surrounding area. 
  1. Level It Out: Create a level plane using a rake and string line. Once you have a level space, you can compact the area using a tamper or garden roller.
  1. Fill In The Sub-Base: You’ll want to provide some sub-base beneath the stones for better hold and drainage. We recommend using a mixture of crushed stone and dust, filling and compacting at least 50mm.
  1. Wash Your Stones: Remove any dust or dirt from your stones with some water.
  1. Prime Your Stones: Using fine mortar slurry or a proprietary priming product of your choice, prime the backs of your stones. 
  1. Mix Up Your Mortar: To create your mortar mix, you’ll use one part water and cement and four parts sand. To make sure you can work with it, your mortar mix should be a “wet” consistency. 
  1. Spread It: Take your mortar mixture and spread it evenly across the area that you just dug out, and use a roller t level it off. This should fill out another 30mm of your bed. 
  1. Lay Your Stones Down: Lay your sandstone units down. You’ll want to make sure that they are around 8-10mm apart from one another. To make sure they are firmly locked in the bed of mortar, you can use a rubber mallet to tap on the stones lightly.
  1. Fill The Joints: Next, you will want to take your mortar mix and fill in the joints using a trowel. Again, make sure that your mortar is “wet” in consistency so that you can work with it. You can then use your pointing tool to compress the mortar mix.
  1. Allow It To Sit: Before walking on your sandstone, allow it to set for around 24 hours at least. If you live in a wet climate, you can allow it to sit for a bit longer.

If you want a better visual for laying your sandstone pavers down, you can check out this video:

How Do You Clean Sandstone Patio Slabs?

Keeping your sandstone pavers clean is actually quite simple. If you only need to give your sandstone a gentle cleaning, you can use a mixture of soap and water. However, if you’re dealing with tougher stains, you can use heavier cleaners, such as bleach.

Bleach works great when you have heavy algae or moss stains. 

To make a bleach mixture for your sandstone, you can combine an equal mixture of water and bleach and pour it onto your slabs. You can then leave the mixture sitting on your stones for around 30 minutes before washing it off with a hose or power washer.

Make sure that you’ve washed off all the bleach, as you do not want it sitting on your stone.

How To Get Paint Off Of Sandstone Slabs

If you’ve recently found paint on your sandstone slabs and you want to get rid of it, there are a couple of methods you can try. We always recommend starting with the least aggressive method first before moving on to heavy-duty methods.

The least aggressive method is to let your stones weather. This means letting the paint deteriorate naturally with the weather.

If that doesn’t work, you can move on to water washing, including scrubbing or gentle sponging. We recommend using a soft bristle brush if you can’t get it off with a cloth or sponge alone. If that doesn’t work, you can move on to steam stripping. To do this, you can use a low-pressure, superheated steam stripper. This method is great for emulsions or other water-thinned paints. It’s an excellent way to clean paint from stone without stripping the stone’s surface.

If all else fails, you can use a solvent or non-caustic chemical removers. These are reasonably aggressive, though not as aggressive as alkaline or caustic chemical removes like potash or caustic soda, which can damage the stone. Non-caustic chemicals are great for latex-based paints.

If you have another kind of paint on your sandstone slabs, we recommend getting in touch with a professional cleaner.

How To Remove Cement Stains From Sandstone Slabs

How To Remove Cement Stains From Sandstone Slabs

If you have cement stains on your sandstone, don’t fret. There are methods for removal.

One of the best methods is to clean it with muriatic acid, otherwise known as hydrochloride acid. You can simply dilute this solution with water to remove the cement from your sandstone. However, this needs to be done with caution, as acidic cleaners can break down dolomitic cement or calcite, which holds many types of sandstone together.

It’s a good idea to test out a small portion of your stone before moving on to the rest. You can dilute four parts of water and one part of muriatic acid to test out your stone. If the diluted acidic mixture doesn’t fizz when it hits the surface of your sandstone, you’re probably good. 

Final Thoughts

There you have it; all you need to know about paving with sandstone slabs. If you have any other questions regarding paving with sandstone, or you just want to get more advice on paving in general, make sure to head on over to our blogs
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Sandstone Paving

Sandstone paving is a unique and aesthetically-pleasing way to enhance your patios and driveways. Of course, with so many different types of paving stones available, how can you know if sandstone is the right choice for you?

Sandstone is easy to install, simple to maintain, more sustainable than concrete, and looks great for tons of different applications, making it one of the most popular choices for driveways and patios.

Come with us as we discuss the ins and outs of sandstone paving so you can determine whether or not it is the right choice for you.

What Is Sandstone?

Sandstone is an ultra-common sedimentary rock that consists of clasts (or grains of materials, organic matters, and sand) that is anywhere from 0.06 to 2mm. 

People classify different forms of sandstone by clasts. There are three different grains that these clasts are typically divided into, including:

grain typeclast size
Fine-grains0.06 to 0.2mm
Mid-grains0.2 to 0.6mm
Coarse-grains0.6 to 2mm

There are also different categories that we divide our sandstone into based on their mineral composition:

  • Lithic Grains – These grains are made from sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks.
  • Feldspar Grains – These grains are made from Plagioclase feldspar or alkali.
  • Quartz Grains – These grains are predominantly made from quartz minerals and have the longest capacities of the bunch. 
Natural sandstone formation

Is Sandstone Good For Paving?

There are plenty of different types of natural stone that are great for paving, though people often use sandstone for exterior applications.

So, why is this?

Let’s look at a few reasons why so many homeowners are using sandstone for their outdoor paving applications.

Aesthetically Pleasing 

Sandstone comes in a wide range of hues and colors, allowing you to find one that fits in with your surroundings with ease. Each piece of sandstone is adorned with natural beauty. Whether you want a bit of contrast or cohesion with the surrounding area, sandstone allows for it.

You’ll find various grains and veins in different patterns and densities in the natural world. 

Great In Wet Areas

Sandstone is a porous stone, meaning it’s not the best option for areas that get wet often. However, if you seal your sandstone or give it a proper chemical treatment, you can use it around a swimming pool and enjoy a beautiful, non-slip surface. 

Sandstone comes with anti-skid properties thanks to its slightly rough texture, perfect for those who want a sturdier wet surface. 

Easy To Maintain

If you use proper surface treatments or sealants, it is easy to clean your sandstone. To wash away dirt, dust, and mild staining, you can use something as simple as plain water or a mild washing detergent. 

The beauty of sandstone compared to concrete is that it is composed of individual tiles or blocks, not a single, large entity. 

So, for example, if one of the tiles or blocks gets damaged, you can rip up the damaged piece without messing up the rest of the floor. Plus, it’s often very easy to match pieces, so you don’t have to have an eye sore in your outdoor space. 

Great For Stepping Stones

Because sandstone is durable, hard, and weather-resistant, it is a great choice for stepping stones in your landscape design. You can even decide to put your sandstone in highly trafficked areas without any worry. 

Sustainable and Renewable

Compared to concrete, sandstone is far more sustainable and environmentally friendly. Of course, there are a few additional manufacturing costs associated with shaping, packaging, and transporting sandstone, though if you’re looking to minimize your carbon footprint while beautifying your backyard, sandstone is one of the best choices around. 

Check out our sandstone vs. limestone paving guide for an in-depth comparison. 

A sandstone paving

Sandstone Paving In Driveways

Sandstone is great for driveways, as it is one of the most durable natural stones around. People will often use sandstone to build block pavers. Beyond the fact that sandstone looks great, it is very strong, allowing for heavy load-bearing. 

Sandstone Paving In Patios

People often use sandstone paving in patios, thanks to the fact that they offer tons of flexibility during the installation process. You can makeover your patio in any way you deem fit using any kind of sandstone that works for you.

One of the great things about sandstone is that it is ultra-malleable, allowing you to make intricate designs for your patio in your garden or backyard. You can also find sandstone that works with your budget, as there are many tiers of this wonderful material out there. 

Homeowners will often have their sandstone treated to make it glossy or semi-glossy. On the other hand, you might want a more natural look by maintaining the uneven and porous texture that your sandstone naturally comes with.

It’s difficult to find this type of natural look anywhere else!

Are Sandstone Patios Expensive?

Thanks to the fact that sandstone is a natural stone material, it is one of the least expensive paving options out there. On average, you will pay anywhere between $10 to $20 per square foot for your sandstone. 

Check out our article, How Much Does It Cost To Pave A Driveway, for more in-depth information on the costs you can expect. 

Different Types of Sandstone Paving

1. Riven Sandstone Paving

One of the best styles of sandstone paving for adding a rustic, textured feel to your space is riven sandstone paving. 

With riven sandstone paving, you get individual pieces of sandstone that range in terms of thickness. It’s very important that you lay these pieces of sandstone down carefully to make them properly aligned and stable. 

2. Calibrated Sandstone Paving

If you want to keep the thickness of your stones as consistent as possible, we highly recommend going with calibrated stone paving. This type of paving is very popular because it is the most uniform. Calibrated stone paving makes for a far more uniform cut. These stones are much easier to transport and lay down.

You’ll find that these types of slabs are 22mm in thickness, though the thickness can change if they are cut by hand. 

3. Sawn Sandstone Paving

Sawn sandstone paving, sometimes referred to as honed sandstone paving, will go through several unique processes to give you a modern aesthetic. 

These stones are cut using machines down to the nearest millimeter. The stones are then buffed, giving you the smoothest finish possible. If you’re working on a modern landscaping project, we highly recommend sawn sandstone paving.

A pavement made of rainbow sandstone

How Long Does Sandstone Paving Last?

One of the great things about sandstone is that it can last for many years if you take care of it, which is one of the reasons it has become so popular for outdoor applications. They don’t break very easily, allowing you to handle them effectively without worry. 

All you have to do is wipe or spray them down every now and then to make sure they stay shiny and clean. Compared to other types of natural stones, sandstone is one of the most reliable stones out there. 

Using Indian sandstone or rainbow sandstone and high-quality sealant, you can expect your sandstone to last anywhere from 30 to 50 years. On the other hand, if you use cheap quality materials and don’t take care of your sandstone, you can end up having to replace them in 2 to 10 years

Do You Need To Seal Sandstone Paving?

Unless there is a good reason for sealing your sandstone paving, we would not recommend it. We often see people botch their sealant jobs, ruining the natural look of the stone. Unfortunately, restoring your stone after you have already sealed it is impossible. You need to make sure that applying sealant is something you actually want to do. 

If you live in a place with inclement weather, including extreme heat, rain, or snow, sealing your sandstone paving can help protect it so that it lasts longer. It’s important to choose a sealer that suits the color of your sandstone and that you’re careful when reading your sealing directions. 

If you use a high-quality sealant, you should only need to reapply it every three years or so. 

You can pressure wash your sandstone paving

Can You Pressure Wash Sandstone Paving?

Because sandstone paving is naturally resistant to chemicals and erosion, it is one of the best for resisting pressure washing. You don’t have to worry about pressure washing damaging your sandstone material. 

However, if your stones weren’t laid correctly or are placed too close together, you might notice sudden dislodgement or movement when you spray them with high-pressure water. 

The good thing is that you won’t have to pressure wash very often, as sandstone does not stain very easily. Oils and moisture in the sandstone will eventually stain if you leave them sitting there for long periods, though if you’re diligent about cleaning and wiping your sandstone down, you shouldn’t have to worry about this. 

We recommend using a high-quality sealant to block out extraneous moisture.

Final Thoughts

As you can see, sandstone is one of the best options for outdoor applications, all thanks to its versatility, reliability, and ease of use. If you want to beautify your house with natural colors or create a safe, non-slip outdoor space, we highly recommend looking into using sandstone for your next project. 

Storm drain repair

Did you know you are responsible for storm drain repair as a property owner? Or that your business may be required to maintain storm drain components on your property? Public works and private property owners must work together to ensure a fully functioning storm drain sewer system. 

This guide covers eight essential elements of storm drain repair, cleaning, and replacement.

Storm drain repair is a crucial part of property ownership. Your storm sewer system serves the vital task of carrying rainfall and runoff water away from the street and common areas, helping to prevent flooding and assisting with general sanitation.

Learning your legal responsibilities to maintain parts of the storm drain system will be helpful when planning your maintenance schedule. Whether you choose to do it yourself or hire a professionalaccurate information can only help you.

Read on to learn:

  • How do storm drains work?
  • What part of the storm drain am I responsible for?
  • Storm drain pipe repair.
  • How do you fix a clogged storm drain?
  • The cost of repairing a storm drain.
  • Storm drain clog prevention.
  • Why you should trust a professional to repair your storm drain?
A storm drain that needs to be repaired

How do storm drains work?

Let’s start from the basics: To understand how storm drains work, you must first understand the difference between a few terms. While often lumped together and used interchangeably, storm drain, storm sewer, and catch basins all have different meanings. 

  • Catch basins are voids in the ground intended to collect rainfall and runoff surface water. 
  • Storm drains are one type of catch basin typically located roadside to catch storm runoff.
  • Storm sewers are the interconnected network of pipes to carry the water away to a treatment plant.

The storm drains on your street are connected to a catch basin. Rainfall and runoff water flow into the storm drain and collect in the catch basin. When the water level in the catch basin rises high enough, the water flows into the main sewer system. Storm drain systems are important because they help regulate the flow of additional water into the main sewer system, so it isn’t overwhelmed during heavy rainfall. 

What part of the storm drain am I responsible for? 

1. Know what you must maintain

In most places, as a private or commercial property owner, you are responsible for ensuring the portion of the storm drain or pipe on your property is properly maintained and functioning. City officials expect you to fix any broken or collapsed segments of the storm drain system on your property. 

If you notice the pavement in your asphalt parking lot sinking or flooding, your business property may have an issue with the catch basin. Proper drainage is vital to the longevity and health of any property. If your asphalt covers a broken, clogged, or leaking storm sewer or catch basin, there’s a good chance you will be hiring someone to dig up and repave your parking lot. 

Your city is responsible for repairing and maintaining all issues with storm pipes in the public right-of-way and keeping storm drains free of blockage. 

Storm drain pipe repair

A broken or cracked storm drain pipe will allow water to seep into the surrounding soil, eroding it and eventually creating a void and potentially causing flooding.

2. Find the best option for your repairs

There are multiple ways to address a broken storm drain pipe. In the past, the only option was to dig up the area around the leak and replace the whole structure. This method adds excavation costs and significant time to any repair projects. Many street storm drains are under asphalt pavement, and the area must be excavated, repaired, and repaved before the project is complete. 

Technology has led to the creation of a new method of trenchless pipe repair which rebuilds pipes from the inside out using a specialized epoxy resin and a flexible sleeve to remake the interior of the pipes. This method is much less invasive and requires far less cleanup than excavation.

How do you fix a clogged storm drain?

A clogged storm drain can lead to water accumulating around your house, potentially causing thousands of dollars in damage. 

A group of storm drain pipes

3. Hydro jetting

An experienced, licensed plumber can use a process called hydro jetting to fix a clogged storm drain. Using special equipment and training, they will use a high-pressure water jet to break up any blockages, such as roots, debris, or other harmful buildups.

4. Cable rodding

Also called rootering, snaking, or augering, this method involves pushing a metal cable through the drain pipe in the hopes it will poke and break up any blockage, letting water pass freely. While an expert will likely need called in for a bad blockage, this method is an excellent first step for private property owners before calling a professional. Most hardware stores sell a pipe snake device, which will let you tackle the clog yourself. If the clog is especially stubborn, a professional may use a Picote milling machine, which uses a specialty head at the end of the cable to provide wall-to-wall pipe cleaning.

5. Blow bag

A blow bag or drain bladder is a method using a device like a deflated balloon. It is attached to a water source and the clogged storm drain. When the bag is full of water, a powerful rush of water is sent through the pipe in the hopes it will break up the blockage. Beware, as too much water pressure can damage pipes, particularly older ones with weak joints.

The cost of repairing a storm drain

 6. The costs and what they depend on

Depending on the severity of your storm drain break or clog, location, time of year, and method of repair, costs to repair your storm drain could range from hundreds for minor clogs to thousands for severe breaks. The cost to replace the broken elements could potentially be a lot higher. 

As one might expect, the more intensive the required repairs, the more expensive the project cost. Try to plan for potential repair or replacement costs in your maintenance schedule if you’ve been having drainage problems for a while. You might have something more serious than a simple repair wrong with your system. 

This storm drain needed clog prevention

Storm drain clog prevention

7. The problems you can avoid with prevention

By practicing storm drain clog prevention, you can avoid problems with your storm sewer system altogether. 

  • The best way to prevent a clog in your storm drain is to clear away debris around storm covers. Keeping the covers clear helps reduce the number of twigs, leaves, and trash that make it into the storm sewer and potentially cause clogs. 
  • Clear the path if you spot something along your street’s curb blocking the water flow to the storm drain. 
  • Plant trees and shrubs away from storm drains and pipes to prevent roots from clogging the system.
  • Keep leaves and other yard waste away from the storm drain. It will lead to clogs over time, costing you a lot of money to repair. 
  • Clean your home’s gutters mid-fall. Gutters direct rainwater away from your home and toward the sewer system. Clean gutters will ensure rainwater properly works its way to the sewer from your roof. 

Why you should trust a professional to repair your storm drain

8. Choose a professional

Professionals are experts, and they can get your repair completed to a standard the average homeowner cannot match. The health of your storm sewer system affects a wide area around you, and maintaining the system should be a priority. However, you may not have the skill or expertise to complete a complicated repair or may not be certified in the specialized materials necessary to fix the problem. Hiring a professional to complete your repairs allows you to utilize their skills, tools, and experience, ensuring your project is of the highest quality. With a skilled team of experts, your storm drain repair will remain in working order for many years to come. 

Professional teams should have insurance coverage in the unfortunate event of unforeseen circumstances or accidents leading to further damage. They are fully trained experts completing similar work regularly, giving them the experience to complete repairs quickly and accurately. 

Hiring an expert gives you access to the various storm drain repair methods you wouldn’t have otherwise, like hydro jetting or epoxy resin pipe relining. If you must excavate the damaged area, a professional is required to ensure no other utility lines are damaged and keeps service disruptions to a minimum. A professional will also ensure properly poured new pavement to cover the repair. 


Storm drain repair and maintenance are important aspects of property ownership. It is vital to know the various elements involved when your storm drain, catch basin, or storm sewer needs repaired, cleaned, or replaced. Securing the help of a professional ensures your repairs are made properly while providing insurance protection in the event of accidents.