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Grass Driveway

Grass driveways have been in existence for over a decade now. However, the technically constructed pavement of turf and solid concrete, paver, asphalt, or gravel, has gained quite a popularity among homeowners, and for a good reason. Some of our traditional ways of living are now being questioned, which is only logical given the rising concern about the climate and the influences humans have on it.

Grass driveways are a replacement for standard pavers, asphalt, and concrete. They are constructed from recycled plastic or concrete and have open blocks that allow grass to grow through them. Permeability is a significant environmental benefit of a green driveway because it allows rainwater runoff to filter pollutants and naturally rehydrate the soil and vegetation. These permeable systems also have a sub-base that retains water and lessens the consequences of flooding. 

In 2017, when Hurricane Harvey hit Houston, the United States Geological Survey noted that alot of hardscapes were responsible for increased flooding. Green pavers now come to our rescue. This article discusses the importance of green pavement and its effect on our environment; the different types and steps involved in building your grass driveway. 

Are grass driveways good? 

Adding a grass driveway to your house or landscaping could make it easier for you to access a green area, and being in a green area, as we already know, has a positive effect on our mental health, the development of our children, and the well-being of our environment as a whole. 

Here are some of the reasons why grass driveways are gaining popularity in 2022:

Better stormwater drainage

Enhancing stormwater infiltration can benefit the soil health in the area, lessen rainfall runoff, and perhaps even lessen downstream flooding. It may also aid in recharging and preserving natural groundwater aquifers. 

When your driveway is made of asphalt, concrete, or cement, the normal water drainage system into the earth is prevented by the solid surfaces’ lack of permeability. As a result, any water that comes into contact with these stable concrete surfaces will runoff and disperse into canals and stormwater ducts. 

This stormwater runoff is a significant source of pollution for streams and other water bodies since it picks up chemicals and garbage along the way. Building a grass driveway allows the stormwater to be absorbed into the soil and filtered by bacteria and roots before it enters streams and aquifers. This organic process of absorption also aids in water conservation.

Trees may have the room required to reach their full potential with permeable driveways 

Refreshing air and water can move down the rooting zone through the permeable surface. This aids planting and provides a living tree canopy overhead to enhance your view of the environment. 

Grass driveways provide a cooler ambiance in stuffy cities

Since concrete tends to retain heat while grass has a cooling impact, urban areas are frequently many degrees warmer than the nearby countryside. It is possible to reduce cooling expenses and carbon emissions by replacing asphalt or concrete with grass. 

Grass driveway systems

Grass driveway systems

As previously mentioned, a grass driveway system has numerous advantages over conventional parking surfaces. A well-structured grass driveway system transforms your paved area into a stunning work of art. This is a collection of systems to pick from if you’re interested in converting your driveway and lawn into a mini paradise

Plastic grids

Plastic grid systems are installed and filled with gravel or sand/soil mixture and grass. These grid systems, mostly recycled plastic, prevent soil compaction and rutting, protecting water quality. They are composed of honeycomb-like grids of closed plastic cells.

Concrete and grass

Concrete and grass are popularly known as grass pavements. It is made up of a system of carefully moulded concrete slabs with ample space for the growth of turf. They allow easy drainage of stormwater to the soil.

Grass and paver

Grass block paving stones also go by the names turf block paving stones or grow-through paving stones. They contain open cells that allow grass to grow through them. They are an absorbent, environmentally beneficial choice for parking lots and roads.

Ribbon driveway

These are also known as Hollywood driveways. They typically have two parallel tracks divided by an unpaved section and paved with a hard substance built for the passage of vehicles.

How to build a grass driveway

The old-timer rule of not driving on grass has been thrown out for a more refreshing and esthetically pleasing viewpoint. The following steps will guide you through building your green driveway using geo-grids.

  1. Make sure it is safe to dig where you are. Call on the utility services to confirm this information.
  2. Depending on the anticipated load and drainage requirements, begin excavating in your defined area at the street-grade level. Then move down approximately six inches. 
  3. Spend some time calculating the slope of your property and the amount of detention area you require beneath the grass paver system. 
  4. Use a tamper to level the dirt and construct the sub-base. 
  5. Ensure the grid completely encloses the space and lies at least an inch below ground level.
  6. Fill up the grid’s hollow space with loam soil and flatten it out with a rake when it has been entirely submerged and laid out. Watering down the grid system aids with soil compaction.
  7. Finally, pick a grass seed or turf of your choice and place it in the grids.

Grass driveway ideas 

The modern-day green driveway systems have presented us with creative and practical ways to elevate the appearance of our homes. We are ready to take in all that is being offered. 

Have a look at these beautifully designed driveways to get an idea of what you want yours to look like.

Colorful and Rich Grass Block Paver Walkway

Gorgeously Wavy Grass Paver Driveway

A Ribbon Driveway

Classy Concrete-style Driveway

Conclusion

The effect of global warming is constantly on the rise, and the need to cut down our carbon emissions and plastic use are necessary. Embracing grass driveways means you’re contributing to saving Mother Earth while also looking out for your mental health and home’s beauty.

Asphalt Sealcoating is a protective coating that protects your driveway from damaging elements. The liquid base is combined with water, silica sand, polymer additives, and other fillers to create a premium formula. Bituminous – or acrylic-based solutions – make up most of the sealant mixes. A driveway or parking lot’s lifespan is doubled when seal coating is regularly done.

Sealcoating essentially adds another layer or membrane to your asphalt driveway. This layer shields the asphalt from oxidation, environmental elements, and any fuel spills that may unavoidably happen occasionally. It is a very economical resurfacing method that increases the road’s lifespan by retaining moisture when applied over existing pavement. Additionally, because it hardens the surface of asphalt roads, it offers a driving surface free of dust while providing a skid- and glare-resistant surface during wet weather.

Applying a seal coat product will save you time and money compared to replacing your driveway, which may cost you thousands of dollars. That’s why our experts have created this comprehensive guide explaining what sealcoating is, its benefits, and how much it costs.

What is Sealcoating?

There are various paving materials in the market that can be used to pave your walkway, patio, driveway, or parking lot. However, most of these paving materials can only last a short period before they start to wear out, crack or develop potholes. When this happens, it will require much effort and money to restore your paved surface and make it look new. 

You must coat the surface to protect your pavement from early damage and extreme weather conditions. Sealcoating protects your driveways, walkways, or patios. Sealcoating is the process of applying a defensive layer or membrane over your pavement to protect it from damage. This process is also referred to as pavement sealing. 

What is sealcoating?

What is Asphalt Sealcoating Made Of?

The adhesive used in road building, asphalt bitumen, is a naturally occurring byproduct of crude oil. Asphalt bitumen is the main component of the seal coat. It is heated to a temperature exceeding 240 degrees Fahrenheit to make the material viscose. Other seal coats on the market don’t require heating up and are constructed of synthetic tar materials.

To keep ice and water from entering and affecting the integrity of your driveway or parking lot, asphalt sealcoating entails sealing asphalt cracks. Asphalt deteriorates with time due to rain, oil, and other pollutants, leaving a brittle surface that is dangerous and unappealing. 

With a pavement sealing strategy, many homeowners opt to maintain their asphalt. You’ll save time and money when you repair your driveway instead of replacing it for thousands of dollars. 

Examples of asphalt sealers are:

Fast Dry Sealers

Fast dry sealants repair heavily traveled portions of the road, such as parking lots and main thoroughfares leading to public buildings like hospitals and gas stations. Due to the additional geotextile fibers incorporated into the sealant, the most excellent part about using rapid dry sealers is that they cure in less than an hour. 

Fast dry sealers are significantly more expensive than other varieties of asphalt sealers as a result of this, nevertheless. Small-scale purchases of this sealer will also be complex because most fast dry sealer producers only do business with road construction firms. You might wish to buy in quantity and split the cost with your neighbors when you eventually locate a provider that sells this sealer kind. 

Coal Tar Sealers

The most widely used asphalt sealer on the market is coal tar because it offers a long-lasting, lustrous sheen and is weather-proof. As their name implies, coal tar sealers include a significant proportion of coal tar and additional polymers and strengthening agents. By baking coal, this water-based sealant is created. Coke is then removed from the baking process and used as the primary ingredient in coal tar sealers, which is why they are resistant to chemicals derived from petroleum.

Acrylic Sealers

Acrylic sealers, another pricey variety of asphalt sealers, are the pinnacle of what a good asphalt sealer ought to be. They can be colored in black, red, green, or transparent shades, making them easy to identify. They are UV-resistant, robust, and resistant to extreme weather conditions. These sealers are often applied to outdoor basketball courts, tennis courts, and parking lots at retail centers.

Acrylic sealers are also environmentally harmless because they don’t contain any petroleum byproducts. The fact that this sealer only needs to be treated once every seven years adds to its many beautiful advantages and helps to save maintenance expenses.

Asphalt Emulsion Sealers

Since they are made of asphalt, asphalt emulsion sealers are frequently referred to as an eco-friendly driveway protection option. It should be emphasized, however, that no studies or recognized research have established the dangers or pollutants brought on by using coal tar-based sealers when paving one’s road. Asphalt-based sealants do a better job of maintaining the air quality, smell nicer, stop oxidation, and do not irritate the skin. 

However, one disadvantage of using asphalt emulsion sealers is that they are susceptible to stains from oil or gas leaks. This sealer can only be used between May and September for best curing, and it is tough to apply it at night when the temperature is at its lowest. 

Asphalt sealcoating - Which type of seal coat should you choose?

Which type of seal coat should you choose?

The following qualities will be present in a quality sealer: 

  • Quick Drying: For the highest quality, look for a drying period of three to four hours. 
  • Long-Lasting: For asphalt maintenance, look for a seal coat lasting at least two to three years. 
  • Airport Grade: For protection against aviation fuel spills, airports must utilize the best asphalt seal coat. Looking for airport-grade asphalt only confirms you are purchasing the best available stock.
  • High-Demand Clients’ Usage: Look for positive seal coating reviews online from high-demand clients like golf courses, churches, and mall parking lots. 

You want to be sure that the money you spend on maintaining your asphalt is a good investment. Make sure you choose the appropriate asphalt seal coat for your pavement by keeping in mind the subpar sealer projects you’ve seen in your neighborhood. To determine whether a sealer is good or bad, look for the essential positive and bad characteristics.

Benefits of seal coating asphalt driveways and parking lots

One of the many reasons homeowners or business owners choose asphalt pavement over other paving materials is how effortless it is to maintain. Sealcoating asphalt is an essential part of maintaining your asphalt driveways and parking lots; some of its benefits include the following; 

Sealcoating extends pavement durability

Proper installation of asphalt pavement is not enough to keep it from wearing away. To extend its lifespan, you must seal your asphalt pavement. A vital

benefit of seal coating is its ability to preserve and prolong driveway lifespan. 

Sealcoating protects you from extra cost.

An asphalt driveway is naturally appealing to the eyes; if you want it to remain attractive, you will have to put in some effort to seal your entire driveway. This helps you save money on repairs and other maintenance measures.

It makes cleaning easy and fun.

Asphalt-sealed pavement allows you to clean the surface without much effort. Also, washing away with water and a broom is easy when you have oil spills. Sealed pavement won’t stay tugged to your broom when you try to clean. 

Sealcoating protects pavement from harmful elements

Due to asphalt nature, a harmful element can easily bind to asphalt pavement and cause it to deteriorate faster. A sealed pavement prevents harmful or petroleum-based elements from binding to asphalt. 

Prevent water from softening the surface

Asphalt pavement is not permeable and does not allow water to penetrate the surface. However, when your asphalt pavement starts to wear out, it develops cracks that give water access or even create puddles. Sealcoating your asphalt doesn’t just prevent them from cracking. Also, it prevents moisture or water from getting beneath the pavement surface. 

The average cost to seal coat a driveway

What is the average cost to seal coat a driveway?

Driveway sealing costs might vary depending on several factors. Due to factors including square driveway footage, driveway material, driveway condition and accessibility, sealant type and the number of applications, labor cost, and location, prices may vary from the national average. 

The nationwide average price for driveway sealing is $486, according to Angi and HomeAdvisor, with charges ranging from $250 to $768. Products for sealing asphalt typically cost between $0.06 and $0.38 per square foot. With this price range, 5 gallons of effect can cover up to 500 square feet of driveway surface for between $40 and $165. 

The thickness of the sealant can affect the coverage of the driveway sealing. While covering less surface area, thicker goods offer a more concentrated layer of security than thinner ones.

How often is it better to seal coat a driveway?

Sealcoating is often advised every three years to offer adequate pavement protection and good curb appeal for your residential or business property. 

Conclusion  

So, what is sealcoating? Now you know it and maybe you are planning to fix and maintain your driveway. Before doing that, do your research and spend some time learning to prepare the asphalt sealer before applying it. Some asphalt sealers can be put straight to the pathway, while others might need to be thinned, handled differently, or allowed to cure before being applied. When in doubt, starting your endeavor is always preferable by consulting a specialist.

Permeable Driveway

A permeable driveway allows water to seep through its surface and the sub-base. The driveway can then be covered with grass or loose gravel to prevent heat from accumulating while adding aesthetic value to your landscape. It is approved globally as a tried-and-true response to stormwater management and environmental issues. 

Permeable driveways are becoming popular in the United States. Up to 95% of surface rainwater can penetrate through the pavement surface thanks to permeable paving, which employs purpose-built segmental paving units and properly graded base materials. This prevents surface stormwater from collecting or flowing into drains. In comparison, other paving materials add to greenhouse gas emissions which result in climate change. Asphalt, concrete, and other paving materials might contribute to water contamination, erosion, and urban heat leading to the heat island effect. But the goal of a permeable driveway is to build a sustainable urban environment.

Choosing permeable paving (i.e., paving that enables water to flow through it instead of racing to the nearest sewer) is an environmentally responsible decision. And when you can be both environmentally conscious and save money, what’s not to like? Therefore, we created this comprehensive guide that explains all permeable driveway options, their pros and cons, and how much they cost.

What is a permeable driveway?

Permeable driveway paving is a fast-draining system that traps and filters precipitation into the soil. A permeable driveway is installed with porous paving material that absorbs water. Other permeable pavements have nonporous block gaps that allow stormwater to drain through the surface. These driveways have many advantages and allow for the prevention of contaminants and chemicals. It also protects against driveway erosion.

Options and benefits of permeable paving

Benefits of permeable paving

Aside from looking like concrete, a permeable driveway has several advantages and saves you money and reduces water pollution. Some of the benefits of a permeable driveway include:

They are made from 100% natural and sustainable materials

Pervious paving driveways are made from natural and sustainable materials; they are eco-friendly and do not cause any harm to the environment or community. 

Materials for permeable driveway paving include natural aggregate, recycled glass or marble, and natural plant-made resins. When you use pervious paving for your driveway, you are supporting the world to build a healthy atmosphere. 

They prevent floods and act as natural filters

Pervious paving helps filter out dirt and pollutants. It also gives your driveway access to air and moisture. Because natural paving absorbs water, it reduces the 

amount of water directed to the draining system and effectively reduces driveway puddles, thereby preventing floods. 

Low-maintenance 

Permeable paving will always stand out cause they require less maintenance to survive. As long as you keep up with the basics, you won’t have to worry about replacing or repairing your driveways anytime soon. 

They effectively reduce water puddles 

Pervious paving prevents standing water. When you drive in, you won’t have to deal with the frustration of clearing any puddles. Pervious paving drains water without damaging your driveway. Also, permeable concrete paving gets rid of black ice worries during winter. Because it absorbs water, permeable driveways release less heat at night and less heat during the day. 

Options for a permeable and sustainable driveway

Permeable driveway options

A porous driveway is made from a variety of porous materials. They are easy to install and do not require a sub-base, usually sand or gravel. They are also easy to maintain, and they are durable. When you choose a more sustainable and protective paving material for your driveway, permeable paving has several options you can choose from. These include : 

Pervious concrete

Pervious concrete is made from a mixture of porous materials. Permeable concrete feels and looks like concrete but is permeable to water. Also, they are made up of a mixture of stones and concrete. A pervious concrete driveway is designed to channel water away from your drainage or sewage and absorb it into the ground. This sustainable urban drainage system makes living in an eco-friendly environment possible. 

Porous asphalt pavement

Permeable asphalt paving has small gaps between the aggregates that allow water to pass through the asphalt and drain into the stone bed. Permeable asphalt driveways contain bitumen containing tar, aggregates, and additives. This paving provides a solid surface strong enough to withstand pressure and traffic. It also offers safety measures by reducing frozen water on asphalt pavement. For local authorities and commercial entities, permeable asphalt driveways offer many economic benefits. 

Grass permeable driveway

With grass pavement, you can create an eco-friendly driveway. It has a better water management system and protects your environment from floods. A grass driveway also acts as a natural filter by trapping pollutants and allowing rainwater to return to local aquifers. A grass permeable driveway looks aesthetically pleasing and possesses numerous advantages, some of which include; 

  • A clean driveway you can drive through or walk on without getting dirt from mud after heavy rain. 
  • An appealing parking space that blends in with your environment.
  • A driveway with high compression strength
  • Grass permeable pathways have proven to be durable, with a solid surface. 
  • Grass permeable driveways don’t require expensive skills to be installed. They are easy, quick, and need less labor. 

If you want to create a sustainable driveway, grass pavers are the right paving material.

Gravel and loose stones

When it comes to driveway paving, we are not just after what’s appealing to the eyes. Gravel and loose stones provide a durable and affordable parking space for your vehicles. Installing gravel and loose stones is effortless, requires low maintenance, and has many styles and sizes. Gravel has a natural crunching sound; you won’t be caught off guard when a guest drives or walks into your driveway. It’s safe to say that gravel comes with a light alarm and security. 

It’s common for driveways of any type to age with time; thus might include cracks and potholes. Extra gravel will save the day when this happens to your gravel and loose stone driveway. It will help if you top your gravel driveway every eighteen months to reduce the risk of driving into a pothole and destroying your engines or part of your car. 

Permeable brick driveway

Permeable brick driveway

Creating a suitable parking area requires a lot of deliberation. However, porous brick has proven to be the best permeable paving material to help you create a sustainable environment during heavy rain. This driveway filters and absorbs water until it reaches the soil below it. A brick driveway can reduce the amount of flood and erosion. 

Landscapers keep searching for the best way to ensure that your driveways are suitable and convenient; they also ensure that your landscape pavement is protective enough to keep you, your family, and your business safe.

Permeable resin driveway

Resin-bound or troweled paving is made from a mixture of UV-stable polyurethane resin aggregates. As water passes through the sand base, it gets filtered by the porous resin. The filtered water finally gets absorbed by the ground. When used to pave driveways, this mixture forms a strong surface with no loose stones. Resin paving helps in flood prevention and provides a stunning aesthetic. 

Plastic grids

If you are thinking about changing your driveway surface, plastic grids present the quality and stability your driveway needs. This paving material represents a sustainable urban drainage system that is rot-resistant and can support heavy traffic or vehicles. Plastic grids driveways are made from high-quality and durable recycled materials, they are easy to install, and plastic grids are environmentally friendly. 

Permeable driveway ideas

  • Turf block pavers

  • Grass pavers: quality and natural anti-flooding grass pavers add beauty to your driveway. These pavers are durable and eco-friendly.

  • Landscaping grid plastic for driveways

  • Permeable pavers: landscaping has become exciting with different designs, patterns, and ideas.

  • Gravel Driveway: gravel driveways have a solid surface. They appeal to the eyes and make a crunching sound.

  • Driveways made with permeable pavers are rapidly becoming common because of their positive impact on the environment.

How much does a permeable driveway cost?

Different permeable paving options are now made available by manufacturers and wholesalers. A pervious concrete costs between $8-$16 per square foot, while a porous asphalt driveway costs about $7-$13 per square foot. Gravel or loose stones pavers cost about $1-$3 per square foot. The cost of both materials and installation has an added advantage, so at the end of the day, it’s all worth the investment. 

Depending on your choice of grid color and the quality you want to purchase, a plastic grid could cost about $11-$17 per square meter. The average cost of installing a permeable resin pavement is $45 per square foot, and the total cost of installing a permeable brick driveway is $10-$30 per square foot. 

Conclusion

Permeable or pervious driveway is a versatile paving material with many interesting benefits. Home or business owners can install any of these permeable pavements on their driveways and enjoy an eco-friendly system. It’s safe to say that if you install a permeable driveway, you support a better tomorrow. 

Driveway

Decomposed granite driveway is one of the most economical and permeable pavements. It is made from rocks that have been allowed to weather and break into smaller pieces.  A decomposed granite driveway has many advantages, and the installation process is easy, swift, and affordable.

Decomposed granite (also known as DG) driveway has a natural, rustic appearance, and it is available in several colors, allowing for stylistic flexibility that fits your choice. It’s relatively easy to install and has a gritty texture for excellent traction underfoot. Compared to other materials, decomposed granite has a fine texture and is made up of aggregated granite that has the consistency of sand and is as large as 1/4″. It is highly porous and environmentally beneficial that stormwater can flow through, effectively preventing driveway flooding and reducing the need for additional drainage. 

Decomposed granite is a flexible substance that suppresses weed development, maintains equal soil moisture, and enhances outdoor spaces. Understanding the pros and cons of decomposed granite driveway is important before embarking on your next hardscape project. In this article, our experts have curated a comprehensive guide to help you understand what decomposed granite driveway is, the cost and how long it last.

What is Decomposed Granite 

Decomposed granite is a type of rock that readily separates into smaller pieces. It has a longer life span, delicate texture, and a natural look. It is made of aggregate granite, which, compared to other paving materials, is soft, delicate, and can still be crushed into gravel-sized particles or grus

Can Decomposed Granite Be Used For A Driveway? 

One of the principles of life includes the beauty that comes from ashes. The same applies to our driveways, walkways, and other outdoor areas. Decomposed granites can be used to pave these areas into a magnificent landscape. Also, it has proven to be less expensive and more natural than standard granite or other paving materials

Decomposed granite driveway pros and cons

It is normal to doubt the durability and effectiveness of a decomposed granite, considering it is made from ordinary granite. However, this paving material has been able to prove itself over time. The pros and cons of a decomposed granite driveway will help you decide if you want one installed or not. 

Decomposed granite used for driveways

Pros Of Decomposed Granite Driveways

It Comes in Many Colors

If you are looking at installing an aesthetically satisfying landscape pavement, look no further. Decomposed granite comes in different colors including tan, grey and brown.

Installation Cost is Low

Compared to other paving materials in the market, decomposed granite is affordable and has a low installation cost. After the initial purchase, installation, and stabilization, you can enjoy your driveway for a long time before you worry about turning it up.

Decomposed Granite Is Durable When Stabilized

The major downside of decomposed granite driveways occurs when granite is installed without stabilization. It degrades quickly under impact compaction. But, when it is stabilized, it is durable and long-lasting. 

Decomposed Granite Encourages Drainage

Unlike other landscaping products, decomposed granite is porous and allows water drainage. With a decomposed granite driveway, you won’t have to worry about water pooling up on your driveway and causing any significant problems. 

It is Eco-friendly and Sustainable 

Besides its fantastic looks and versatility, decomposed granite fall among the most natural kind of paving material. This landscaping product is hundred per cent eco-friendly and durable. 

Decomposed Granite is Easy To Maintain

You can loosen up and enjoy your landscape paving without worries about maintenance and cost. If your decomposed granite spreads out or is too weathered in a particle area, you can pack it up and replace it with new granite.

The production of decomposed granite

Cons Of Decomposed Granite Driveways 

Here are some of the major downsides of a decomposed granite driveway;

Unstabilized Granite has Short Lifespan 

When granite is installed without stabilized pavers, its lifespan will be short. Decomposed granite driveways are only durable when installed properly, and the paving material is stabilized excellently. 

Loosed Granites Spreads Out

Installing granite without stabilizing it will only cause it to spread out fast. Loose granite will migrate and leave your driveway easily. 

It Promotes Weed Growth 

Installing decomposed granites without adequate stabilizing will slow down water drainage and cause the driveway to be moist. This will create a habitation for weeds and other plants to grow on your driveway.

Decomposed granite driveway cost

The typical price range for decomposed granite is between $40-$50 per cubic yard. No matter the size of your driveway, decomposed granite cost won’t be too much to bear. This paving material is not just affordable; it is incredibly soft, natural, and has a fine texture that makes it stand out amongst other paving materials.

Step-By-Step Guide On How To Install Your Decomposed Granite Driveway

Decomposed granite driveways are different from other driveways you are familiar with. If you are ready to install it all by yourself or want to hire a professional to do the work, it is good to know what you are getting into. Below is a comprehensive guide to installing your DG driveway.

1. Ensure The Area Is Flat And Allows Drainage

When you install granite on your driveway, ensure that the area is away from any drainage because decomposed granite can easily spread and be washed away by rain or heavy floods. 

2. Define The Construction Area

To ensure that your granite area is consistent, you must define the construction area. Doing this will make the job easy for you. You can define the area with chalk, granite, paintbrush or spray. Doing this will make the job easy for you.

3. Dig The Area 

Now, you can’t lay your granite on a flat surface. Depending on the construction project, you will need to achieve good depth. For areas with heavy traffic, 4 inches can provide good support, and if the area is too soft or sandy, you can dig deeper ( 6 inches or more).

4. Level The Area

The next step is to level the dug area. This can be done with a rake. When leveling with a rake, make sure you flatten the surface. You can use a tool or plate compactor to compress the soil. 

5. Install Landscape Fabric 

Landscape fabric helps to prevent weed growth and ensures that you have a clean driveway free from plants. After Installing your landscape fabric, apply a 1-inch deep layer of sand over it. This isn’t a critical step, but it’s important if you want a nice driveway.

6. Install Plastic Edging 

On both sides of the driveway, Insert plastic edging. The edging is meant to hold your granite together and prevent them from spreading. Also, plastic edging is important if your driveway has a draining system. The plastic edge will prevent the DG from washing away. 

7. Top The Driveway With Stabilized Granite 

Calculate how much granite you need to cover your driveway by measuring the dug area’s length, width, and depth. Spread granite on the leveled area using a shovel, hand, or a wheelbarrow. It’s recommended that you use granite up to 1.5 inches thick. Because a stabilized granite has already been treated, it will effortlessly stick together when you start spreading it. Using a rake, don’t forget to smoothen out the entire driveway. 

8. Soak the Granite Water 

Now the final step is to ensure that water reaches every single stone. Connect a hose to a source of water and wet the entire driveway. It will look like a mess at the end of the day, and everywhere will look muddy, but it’s only absorbing and sticking together. Allow to dry, and you are ready to start using your driveway. 

Granite rock. When crushed, it can be used for driveways

Frequent Questions About Decomposed Granite Driveway

  • Does water drain through decomposed granite?

DG provides excellent drainage for water. Water can get through decomposed granite and be absorbed. You don’t have to worry about gathering puddles; decomposed granite drains water effectively.

  • Will decomposed granite wash away?

Install plastic edging on both sides of the driveway. Plastic edging helps secure your driveway and prevent decomposed granite from washing away. Also, ensure that plastic edging or steel is installed around any driveway drainage. This will prevent your DG from flowing into the drainage system and being washed off your driveway.

  • How do you keep decomposed granite in place?

Granite can be pretreated or installed with stabilized pavers or resins. A stabilized paver will keep your granite in place and prevent it from spreading and eventually washing away. You can use a Gator stone bond, a simple one-coat application to keep your DG in place. 

  • What is the difference between crushed granite and decomposed granite?

Crushed and decomposed granite are made from the same component. However, crushed granite has sharp edges and shapes, making it more expensive in the market than DG. At the same time, DG is more economical, eco-friendly, and valuable than crushed granite. 

Conclusion

Your driveway needs to be clean and aesthetically pleasing, which you can get with properly installed decomposed granite. It is perfect for your driveway if you want something natural and eco-friendly. It is also less expensive and low-maintenance compared to other paving materials.

Rainbow Sandstone

Homeowners all across the United States are beginning to appreciate the beauty and uniqueness of natural stone paving. Granites, limestones, flagstones, sandstones, marble, bluestones, and travertines increase the aesthetic of patios, walkways, and driveways. They are also low-maintenance, durable, and offer versatile styles.

Natural stone paving is a more prestigious, durable, and stylish hardscape option than colored concrete because it was created by minerals that took thousands of years or longer to form. It is a choice for creating a genuinely distinctive outdoor living environment. Instead of requiring high-energy, fuel-burning processes that release significant volumes of CO2 into the environment, it can be extracted from the ground and processed using low-energy technology. This means natural stone pavers are recyclable in a way that concrete ones aren’t; in our eco-friendly world, this is a big deal.

Outdoor paving made of natural stone is often used for patios, driveways, and sidewalks. The materials are made by the forces of nature, as the name suggests. Choosing between natural stone and concrete would become even simpler because, in this article, we explore how to lay your natural stone paving, the benefits and why it is better than concrete.

What is natural stone paving?

Natural stone paving involves using slabs made from natural rocks to pave outdoor areas. So what are natural stone pavers? 


Stone pavers are made from rocks, and they have different characteristics. Natural stone pavers include but are not limited to granite, sandstone, limestone, flagstone, travertine, bluestone, and rainbow sandstone. Natural pavers come in various colors, shapes, textures, and sizes.

How to lay natural stone paving?

Below is a step-by-step guide on how to lay your natural stone paving.

Choose Your Natural Stone paver

The first step to laying your natural stone paving starts with a choice. Deciding on the best natural stone paver can be stressful. You might be caught in between limestone or granite, sandstone or flagstone. The first step to laying your natural stone paving starts with making a choice.

The first step to laying your natural stone paving starts with making a choice. Mark The Area You Want To Pave 

When you have decided on the paving stone to use, the next step is to define the area to be paved. You can do this with spray paint, grade stakes, or a string. 

Dig Out The Area

The next step is digging out the area to be paved. Before digging, ensure you take out all obstacles. Ensure you dig a good and well-leveled hole. 6-8 inches of topsoil is needed to give it a base.

Lay your base material

Crushed rocks or gravel with moisture makes your work easier to carry out. Use crushed rocks about 3-4 inches for workable surfaces. When laying a base for a driveway, you need 5 inches or more.

Prepare Your Sand Base

The next step is to pour your second layer, the sand base. Your sand base is the strata between your base and your pavers. Pour about half an inch of sand on your rock and lay it out smoothly. 

Lay Your Pavers

The final step is to lay your pavers gently. It’s good to start laying your stone slabs on a straight edge. Keeping your edges straight will determine the result.

If you notice a depression after laying your pavers, fill it up with more sand and if the stone pavers look a little bit higher than the rest, use a rubber mallet to level it carefully. A hammer, chisel, or diamond blade will help you do the work. 

Restrain The Edges

The moment you are done laying your pavers, you will need to restrain the edges. This process is done with plastic, concrete, or steel strips. They prevent your stones from sliding apart.

Natural stone paving: how to clean and how to lay it

How to clean natural stone paving?

Simple cleaning routines will help your natural stone pavers stand the test of time, look beautiful and remain clean. The number of times you will need to clean your natural stone paving depends on several factors, including the season you are in. In the fall, your stone pavers need to be cleaned regularly to reduce the number of fallen leaves and ensure they don’t decompose on your stones. 

Use the Right Cleaning Product

Using the right cleaning substance is the first step in cleaning your natural stone paving. Avoid harsh substances in the quest to get your natural stone pavers looking neat and spotless. Go for a cleaning agent that has a neutral pH level.

Regular Sweep

A good sweep once a week will boost the lifespan of your landscape. Clean off the debris and keep fallen leaves away from your patios or driveways.

Clean Up Spills

Stone pavers are susceptible to damage from high or low-pH; when you spill juice or food, ensure that you clean it off. Also, clean off any stain before it settles on your natural stones. If your stone paving is installed over a large area, employ ride-on cleaning machines or pressure cleaners to do the job for you and remove debris where your brooms can’t reach.

Seal Your Patios Or Driveways Regularly

Sealing your natural stone paving will do more good to your driveways. Sealing protects your pavement from cracking easily and prevents moisture from settling into your stone pavers. 

Replacement 

Sometimes, the only choice you will be left with is to replace the severely damaged or stained areas or stones. Replacing just an area or stone won’t cost a hand and a leg. 

Should natural stone be sealed?

Like other materials, sealing helps maintain and protect your patios or driveways from cracks, dirt, and stains. Sealing also improves the aesthetic of your paved surface and prolongs the lifespan of your natural stones.

Natural stone pavings should be sealed?

How to seal natural stone paving?

Using a sealant can improve the lifespan of your natural stone pavers and your patios, driveways, or walkways. Ensure that you choose the most suitable sealant for your natural stone pavers. Once you’ve purchased your sealant, you can carefully follow these steps to seal your pavement

Clean The Surface To Be Sealed

To seal your natural stone, you must ensure that your walkways, patios, or driveways are clean and free from debris. 

Check Your Weather Forecast

Sealing must be done on a dry surface. An unexpected rain will destroy your work. It would help if you had a temperature range of 5°c – 20°c.

Protect yourself

If you easily get upset by smell, wear a mask and protective clothing. 

Test your sealant

Using a small area, seal gently to ensure you have a suitable sealant. Once you have confirmed that you have a suitable sealant, apply the first coat of sealant around the paved area. This is the impregnation coat. 

Apply the second coat 

Apply the second coat of sealant, surface protection; you must let it dry. To get a fine finish, walk back in the opposite direction and ensure you don’t seal any patches or debris.

Allow To Dry

Allow drying for 3-4 hours. And your natural stone paving is dried and ready for use. 

Natural Stone Vs. Concrete

There is no doubt that choosing between concrete and natural stone can be a bit confusing for many. Although concrete is inexpensive and appears colorful, they have several backlashes that make natural stone paving stand out. 

Maintenance 

Maintaining stone pavers is less difficult compared to concrete. Stone pavers barely develop cracks; they are easy to fix if they crack. The repair cost is not as expensive as the cost of repairing concrete. 

Style choices and Aesthetic

Because stone pavers are natural rocks that come in different natural colors, sizes, and shapes, you wouldn’t have to worry about installing a boring style. Your style choices are versatile to fit the project you have in mind. 

Easy Installation 

Installing concrete is quite demanding; labor, grading, and backfilling will stress you out. And because concrete easily cracks, you must be super careful and diligent. On the brighter side, stone pavers will always save the day. You can install your stone pavers by yourself. The time and effort it takes are enough to allow you to have fun on your patio. 

Durability 

Natural stone pavers or rocks are eco-friendly and 100% sustainable. Stone pavers look beautiful as they age. 

Limestone is a natural stone used for paving

Is natural stone cheaper than pavers and concrete?

Concrete is less costly than natural stone. This is because they require fewer resources to manufacture and are more affordable per square foot. 

Natural stone is more expensive than concrete and other paving materials. Stone pavers require more time and resources to manufacture; however, the overall cost of natural stone paving depends on the size of the space to be covered and your budget. 

The average cost to install natural stone pavers is between $17.17- $22:89 per square foot, and the total cost will depend on other factors. Location, area covered, e.t.c. 

Conclusion

Natural stone paving is one of the best methods of paving your patios, walkways, or driveways. Natural stone pavers will stand the test of time when it comes to your patio, walkway, or driveway lifespan.

Driveway

If you’ve never heard the phrase green driveway, you certainly aren’t the only one.

Many homeowners are starting to look to green driveway options to create more eco-friendly spaces around their homes. Considering an eco-friendly driveway choice, such as green pavers, permeable materials, or eco-friendly alternatives, can provide a lot more value than simply being better for the environment.

If you’re trying to determine whether or not a green driveway is the right solution for your home, continue reading to learn why it’s such an intelligent and sustainable investment. 

What Is A Green Driveway?

Green driveways are greener alternatives to paved driveways, such as asphalt or concrete. Most green driveways are either grass surfaces or permeable stabilized gravel, which are also often used in pathways, public walkways, and parking lots.

These permeable solutions are quite different from asphalt and concrete surfaces in that they allow water to pass through, infiltrating the ground below. The water is then able to cool and irrigate the surrounding grass and greenspace.

Not only are green driveways more than strong enough to hold cars, but they also look good enough to fit with the aesthetic of any home.

The Benefits Of An Environmentally Friendly Driveway

Green driveways can help prevent several problems. Let’s take a look at some of the ways they might benefit your home.

A Green Driveway should be flood deterrent

Flood Deterrent 

If you’ve ever had a standard, impermeable driveway made of concrete or asphalt, then you’ve probably had to deal with all of the problems that arise from them, including erosion, washouts, flooding, and overall surrounding damage that can come with inclement weather and everyday use. 

With a sustainable driveway, rainwater and other liquid pass through into the soil or grass beneath, safely dispersing over a period of time instead of creating a flood. Sloped driveways are often prone to flooding, especially in big storms, which is where eco-friendly driveway options truly shine. 

Durability

Eco-friendly driveways often provide durability that standard asphalt or concrete driveways can’t. You won’t have to worry as much about breakage or stains, and they’re often easy to maintain. This makes eco-friendly driveways a great long-term investment. 

Reduced Heat 

By nature, eco-friendly driveway materials, such as permeable stone driveway tiles offer much better heat reduction compared to other types of driveway materials. Just look at the asphalt, which absorbs and emits lots of heat, especially when it’s in a hotter climate. 

When you have an eco-friendly driveway, you’ll likely even be able to walk around barefoot during the summer without hurting your feet!

Versatility

Environmentally-friendly driveways are very versatile. There are so many options to pick from, most of which are relatively easy to install. You can build eco-friendly driveways in many shapes and sizes, as well as on inclines and declines. 

Different Green Options For A Sustainable Driveway

As we said before, there are many options to choose from when it comes to green driveway materials. Let’s take a look at a few of the most common.

A green driveway, permeable and made of natural stones

1. Permeable Pavers

Permeable pavers are starting to come into fashion as a green driveway material choice. They are very eco-friendly, as they are mostly made from recycled plastic, meaning the environmental impact of production is relatively low. They can be made also of other materials, such as paving stones, pervious concrete, and porous asphalt.

2. Crushed Concrete

While crushed concrete certainly isn’t a natural material, there are many homeowners that swear by it for driveway use. The beauty of crushed concrete is that it allows for water runoff, draining nutrients into the surrounding soil to create carbon dioxide. 

It’s also very sustainable in that you can get it from just about any demolition site. You’re essentially using material that would have likely gone to waste otherwise. 

Crushed concrete often includes materials from pavements, sidewalks, and building foundations. You can use it to create a driveway that looks similar to your standard concrete driveway, though with a more permeable characteristic. 

3. Natural Stone Pavers

By using natural stone pavers on your driveway, you can add a bit more natural character. You can often buy natural stone from quarries, which is more sustainable, as it uses less CO2 production.

Depending on how you set your natural stone pavers up, you can often allow water to run between your pavers, soaking into the surrounding soil. Take a look at the different types of natural stone to find one that fits your aesthetic.

An eco-firendly driveway should be made of natural materials, like sandstone bricks

4. Sandstone Bricks

A sandstone brick driveway is a unique way to add character to your property. Sandstone is one of the nicest-looking natural materials. We get sandstone when storms or inclement weather pressurize small bits of sand into granular layers. The end result is a stone substance, which paving experts will often cut into bricks for use in building projects.

The beauty of sandstone bricks is that they are porous yet durable. You can easily customize them to fit the appearance of your driveway, cutting them into different shapes and seeking out the best earthy tones to accentuate desert-style architecture and landscaping. 

Plus, sandstone bricks hold up for a very long time, similar to concrete or traditional bricks. 

5. Porous Concrete

If you want the look of a traditional driveway without making a larger carbon footprint, you can check out porous concrete materials. Porous concrete reduces water runoff, and you don’t need as much of the material to fill the entire space of your driveway. 

Not only can it help the wildlife in your neighborhood thrive, but it is also much less harmful to the environment from a production standpoint. 

We often recommend porous concrete to those who are part of HOAs, as you can typically match the curb appeal of regular concrete and abide by the HOA rules without having your driveway be unsustainable. 

6. Porous Asphalt

If you’re dealing with a long driveway that has tons of water runoff, you might consider looking at a material like porous asphalt. The great thing about this material is that it allows rainwater to seep through and into the soil underneath. This soil, if left underneath regular asphalt, would suffer from dryness. 

Using porous asphalt allows the water cycle to continue. 

Traditional asphalt typically has around 3% of void space, which only allows a little bit of water to run through at a very slow pace. Porous asphalt alternatives, on the other hand, have around 16% of void space. With a porous asphalt alternative, you can make your driveway five times better for the environment.

Local gravel is a good choice for a sustainable driveway

7. Local Gravel

Local gravel is an excellent material for transforming a driveway. When you get your gravel locally, you don’t support or fund international transport, which is one of the main producers of fossil fuels. 

Plus, the money that you use to purchase this gravel will go back into your surrounding economy, which is beneficial to other locals. 

8. Hempcrete Bricks

In a recent construction industry breakthrough, the idea of hempcrete bricks was born. There are many things to love about hempcrete bricks, including the fact that they are much easier to transport because of their lightweight character. 

One of the other great things about hempcrete bricks is that they absorb atmospheric CO2, even once they are made into bricks. Essentially, by installing hempcrete bricks into your property, you get rid of CO2 around your property, all while supporting an industry that is at the forefront of creating greener alternatives to construction materials.

These manufacturers will often use lime-based binders to shape hempcrete into bricks for use, giving them added durability that lasts for years after laying. This is one of our absolute favorite green driveway options and definitely one of the most unique. 

Green Driveway Cost

The cost of a green driveway will heavily depend on the materials that you use to create it. With that said, you can typically expect to spend anywhere from $4.50 to $8 per square foot for driveway materials. If the soil does not require any additional layers, you might be able to build your driveway for around $3 per square foot.

Final Thoughts – Finding the Right Green Driveway Option For Your Home 

We hope that you now have a better understanding of the available eco-friendly materials and green driveway options. There are so many great solutions to upgrade your property while maintaining sustainability.
If you’re looking for a paving company to help you construct your dream driveway, make sure to check out our local directory of top-notch paving companies. For other expert advice regarding paving, head on over to our blog.

driveway

While concrete is considered a standard option for driveways, it’s not the best solution for everyone. Numerous concrete driveway alternatives allow you to pick what fits your needs the best. A well-crafted driveway in complementary materials can significantly increase a property’s curb appeal.

Alternatives to concrete driveways include a range of paving materials from asphalt and brick to gravel and more, each with its own pros and cons. You need to examine all the options for installation cost, drainage, maintenance, and longevity to decide which concrete alternative is the best solution for your driveway.  

Read on to learn more about nine alternative paving materials to concrete you can use for your driveway. 

What are the available driveway materials?

  • Gravel
  • Shell
  • Asphalt
  • Tar and chip
  • Brick
  • Sandstone paving
  • Permeable Pavers
  • Pavers
  • Cobblestone
  • Concrete

What are cheaper alternatives to concrete driveways?

While many contractors will charge a set paving cost for driveway construction rather than by the square foot, the national average cost for a concrete driveway is $6 per square foot, and costs can rise substantially with a colored or stamped finish. Concrete driveways can last roughly 25 years but require annual maintenance and is not a DIY-friendly material for large-scale projects like a driveway. 

Keep in mind costs for any project will fluctuate depending on whether you’re installing a new driveway or resurfacing an old one, slope, and drainage options. With the high concrete construction cost and expensive repairs, it’s not the ideal choice for every driveway. For some homeowners, the installation cost is the primary concern. 

This driveway is made of gravel. It is a cheap alternative to concrete driveways

1. Gravel

Gravel is one of the cheapest driveway building materials and by far the most accessible to work with when doing the work yourself. With time and effort, you can construct your own gravel driveway. You should expect to pay roughly $1-3 per square foot for a gravel driveway, depending on the type of gravel you choose. Maintenance is hassle-free since you only need to monitor for dips, which are easy to fill. 

Pros:

  • Gravel is cost-effective and easily accessible. 
  • Easy, cheap maintenance
  • Diverse options for design
  • Easy installation, ready to use right away
  • Resistant to extreme weather
  • Aids with water drainage

Cons:

  • Snow and ice removal is harder and often requires salt.
  • Unattractive ruts form in heavily used areas
  • Gravel dust can be dirty and tiresome.

2. Shell

Crushed clamshells are both an environmentally friendly option and a cheap way to build your driveway. Shell driveways remain consistently stable throughout their lifespan because they break down into smaller pieces as you use the driveway and compact evenly to create a stable, level surface that prevents ruts and potholes. As the shells break down, they also release nutrients into the surrounding soil.

Shells are harvested from beaches without harming the shoreline and are cheapest in ocean-bordering states like Florida, Georgia, and Alabama. You should expect to pay roughly $0.60 per square foot, but you must factor transportation costs into your budget. Many homeowners said crushed shells were hard to find, so demand may drive costs higher. 

Pros:

  • Environmentally friendly
  • Inexpensive in coastal states
  • Breaks down to make driveway stronger

Cons:

  • Difficult to find recently
  • Transportation costs
  • Sharp edges on bare feet
  • More difficult snow and ice removal

Best alternatives to repaving a concrete driveway

If you already have a driveway and it simply needs resurfacing, you have options to reduce costs. With the base structure already in place, your contractor only needs to remove the surface layer before they can proceed with the new driveway, saving you the foundation materials and labor costs.

Asphalt is the main alternative to concrete for paving driveways

3. Asphalt

Asphalt driveways are a solid alternative to concrete, sometimes at half the cost. If you want to resurface your existing driveway, asphalt is an excellent choice. At roughly $2-4 per square foot, asphalt is cheaper than concrete and has easier, less expensive maintenance with nearly as long a lifespan. 

Pros:

  • Cracks aren’t as unsightly as they are with concrete and are easy to repair yourself.
  • Lifespan of 15 to 20 years
  • Stands up to cold weather better than concrete

Cons:

  • The dark color generates heat and can become gooey in intense sun.
  • Lack of design options
  • Can be damaged by plants and tree roots

4. Tar and chip

Tar and chip driveways also called chip and seal or macadam, use a layer of crushed stone spread on top of liquid asphalt, which is then compacted. These driveways are considered low-cost at $2-5 per square foot, but you should only expect them to last up to ten years. 

With a wide variety of options in color for tar and chip stone, you can create the driveway of your dreams as specifically as you like. For some, the relatively short lifespan of a macadam driveway can be a good thing because it affords the opportunity to switch things up with something new. 

Pros:

  • Relatively low cost, excellent for resurfacing an existing driveway
  • Design options with a variety of tar and chip colors
  • Low maintenance and durable

Cons:

  • Difficult to find contractors for installation
  • Snow and ice removal can damage the surface
  • Short lifespan

Eco-friendly alternatives to concrete driveways

Environmentally conscious construction is a concern for many homeowners. Greener building materials and methods grow in popularity every year. Consumers want to build with ecologically sound materials, reducing their carbon footprint. 

5. Brick

Hempcrete brick, which is created from lime, water, and industrial hemp, is lighter than its standard counterpart and absorbs atmospheric carbon dioxide. A driveway made with hempcrete bricks would require no adhesive, sand, gravel, or cement to construct. However, the eco-friendly option will cost you roughly $18-20 per square foot. The lime-based binder in hempcrete maintains the brick’s shape after years of weathering, and you can expect your hempcrete brick driveway to last a long time. 

Pros:

  • Non-toxic and environmentally friendly
  • Waterproof and breathable with a long life span
  • Strong and long-lasting

Cons:

  • Some building codes do not include hempcrete
  •  Expensive to use
Sandstone is an eco-friendly alternative to concrete driveways

6. Sandstone paving

Sandstone paving is an attractive option that, while expensive, is easy to maintain, sustainable, and will last for decades when properly installed. This paving material comes in a rainbow of hues and a spectrum of grains, ensuring you find something that fits your property perfectly. The nature of sandstone makes it easy to clean and maintain with proper sealing. You should expect to pay $10-20 per square foot, with an average lifespan of 30-50 years. Sandstone paving is labor-intensive to install but not difficult to do. 

Pros:

  • Aesthetically-pleasing
  • Long-lasting and sustainable
  • Easy to install

Cons:

  • Expensive

7. Permeable pavers

Permeable pavers are one of the most eco-friendly options you can use for your driveway. They allow rainwater to drain directly into the ground through the porous surface. Excess water is collected into an underlying reservoir, which allows it to drain into the surrounding ground slowly, preventing erosion. Some options allow grass to grow through the pavers, creating a unique look while benefitting the environment. 

Pros:

  • Built-in drainage system
  • Eco-friendly
  • Cooler surface
  • Unique aesthetic

Cons:

  • Ongoing maintenance
  • Not as strong
  • Not ideal for high pollutant areas

What is the best low-maintenance driveway?

Some homeowners find the low-maintenance option the best. While often labor intensive and expensive to install, you have options requiring little in the way of maintenance with the potential to last more than one hundred years. 

8. Pavers

Though labor intensive and expensive to install, history shows pavers capable of lasting up to a century when properly laid. These driveways are beautiful and last beyond a lifetime, requiring little maintenance and aiding in your water drainage system. A heating system can be installed beneath the pavers in areas with heavy snowfall to prevent accumulation. After your pavers are installed, they need to be sealed, so keep in mind you need to know how long to wait before using your new driveway. 

Pros:

  • Can last up to 100 years
  • Eco-friendly and permeable
  • Beautiful aesthetic

Cons:

  • Expensive
  • Labor-intensive installation
  • Cannot use immediately
Cobblestone is a good alternative ti concrete for driveways, as it needs less maintenance

9. Cobblestone

While often mistaken for other types of concrete paving stones, cobblestone is made of granite, limestone, basalt, or other natural stones. You should choose a cobblestone for your driveway based on your desired color palette and the amount of traffic your driveway hosts. 

A high-end building material, cobblestone costs far more to use than many of the other methods on this list. Expect your budget for materials and installation to start at around $33 per square foot. 

Pros:

  • Aesthetic appeal with unlimited options
  • Can last up to a century
  • Load bearing and durable
  • Easy to clean and replace

Cons:

  • Expensive and labor-intensive to install
  • Uneven surface
  • Difficult weed and snow removal

Conclusion 

Armed with the knowledge about alternatives to concrete driveways, it’s time to decide the best option for your property. From inexpensive to high-end, built to last a decade or a century, there are other options for driveway construction to add to your home’s curb appeal and value.

Tarmac Driveway

More and more homeowners across the U.S. are coming to realize the popularity of tarmac driveways, though many aren’t sure whether tarmac is the best driveway material for their needs.

Homeowners who are looking for a quick and easy driveway installation process should know that a tarmac driveway is one of the best options on the market. Tarmac driveways are reliable, easy to install, and can hold up for many years on end with less maintenance than some other popular driveway material options.

If you’re on the fence about using tarmac to build a driveway for your home, come with us as we explore the costs, advantages, and disadvantages of using tarmac. 

What Is A Tarmac Driveway?

Tarmac is short for ‘tarmacadam.’ The name for this material came from John Loudon McAdam, who, in 1820, introduced a unique technique he created called “macadamizing.”

The procedure involves pouring a coat of gravel atop a base of the pavement. However, this simple procedure is not the only thing that makes the modern tarmac we know today. 

In the modern world, the main component of tarmac is tar, which we use as an additional layer on top of the pavement base. Of course, because tar is a very sticky substance, pavers will also use an additional coating of gravel up top to create durability, sturdiness, and dust-free characteristics. 

Advantages of tarmac driveways

Advantages of Tarmac Driveways

Easy Installation

One of the primary reasons homeowners use tarmac for their driveways is that it is one of the easiest materials to install. Many homeowners will complete their tarmac driveway project within a single day, depending on the size of the driveway. The material is easy to lay, and it takes about 2 to 3 days to solidify or cure before it can be driven on.

Compared to other materials, this installation time is significantly short. For example, if you were to install a concrete driveway, you would have to wait around seven days for it to cure before you could drive on it. 

Low Cost

Tarmac is also a low-cost material, which is why so many homeowners prefer it over other options. In fact, it is one of the most cost-effective solutions on the market today. Compared to brick, concrete, sandstone, and other types of pavement slabs, you can save a good amount of money. 

Durability

Tarmac driveways, if poured and installed properly, can last for a very long time. While a tarmac driveway under good circumstances can last anywhere from 12 to 13 years, many last up to 20 years or longer before they need to be repoured. 

There’s not much upkeep to be done with a tarmac driveway either, and many pavers will tell you that these types of driveways almost watch out for themselves. All you need to do as a homeowner is keep your tarmac driveway clean. This means removing dirt and debris to keep it looking fresh and new. We also recommend applying the sealant to your tarmac driveway every four or five years. 

Disadvantages

UV Light

Tarmac is able to withstand heat pretty well, though UV light is one of its worst enemies. Constant UV exposure can cause tarmac to degrade, making it brittle. Eventually, if left without any care, potholes will start to appear. 

Beyond UV light, automotive oils such as petrol and diesel can be very damaging. Similar to UV light, these oils can loosen the binding and result in cracking. 

Weed Growth

Weed growth is a big problem that many tarmac driveway owners experience. If you have a crack in your tarmac driveway and you don’t repair it immediately, there is a good chance that weeds will pop up through it. When weeds start popping up through your tarmac’s cracks, they can make the cracks much bigger and more difficult to repair. 

The cost of driveways made of tarmac

Tarmac Driveway Cost

The average tarmac driveway cost is around $4,500. This cost includes labor and tarmac material that costs anywhere from $7 to $15 per square foot. If you purchase your tarmac material in tons, you can expect to pay anywhere between $100 to $200 per ton of tarmac. 

Of course, the overall cost will depend on where your source your materials from, the labor you hire, and the size of your driveway.

Further reading: How much does it cost to pave a driveway? (Pricing Guide)

How To Clean a Tarmac Driveway

Cleaning a tarmac driveway and maintaining that brand-new look requires very little effort. Of course, it’s important that you take the right approach when cleaning your tarmac driveway, or else you could end up damaging the base layer and surface.

One of the best approaches for cleaning a tarmac driveway is to sweep off any dirt and debris that are on the surface. If there is debris that you’re unable to get off using a broom, you can also hit your tarmac driveway with a bit of low-pressure water. 

We never recommend using a high-pressure water source, as this can remove loose stone chippings and create additional damage that is difficult to repair. 

How To Get Rid of Moss On a Tarmac Driveway

One of the things many tarmac driveway owners deal with, especially if they live in wet locations, is moss growth. Moss can present potential problems with your tarmac driveway, making it very slick and slippery to walk on or expanding cracks that can be difficult to repair. 

It’s best to get rid of moss at the source. Luckily, the solution to ridding your tarmac driveway of moss is very simple. 

Start by diluting some vinegar with water and spraying it onto the algae or moss deposits on your driveway. Let the vinegar and water solution soak for around 15 to 20 minutes before washing it off with low-pressure water. You can repeat this process every day for a week until the algae or moss disappears. 

If this vinegar and water solution doesn’t work, you can also try bleach or baking soda. 

How To Remove Oil From a Tarmac Driveway

One of our favorite DIY remedies for removing oil stains from a tarmac driveway is baking soda. Start by sprinkling a generous amount of baking soda atop your oil stain. To get it slightly wet, add a little bit of water. 

Allow the baking soda and water to soak in for a few minutes before brushing the stain with a cleaning brush in small circular motions until the stain begins rising. You can repeat this process as many times as you need if the stain doesn’t come up right away. 

Some other materials you can try this same method with include:

  • Cat litter
  • Coca Cola
  • WD-40 
  • Oven cleaner
  • Dish soap
How to repair a driveway made of tarmac

How To Repair Cracks In a Tarmac Driveway

If you’re dealing with cracks in your tarmac driveway that are less than ¾ inch wide, you can use an asphalt patching product to repair it. 

Start by cleaning your surface to get rid of dirt and debris. Make sure the crack itself is clean too. You can use a screwdriver or wire brush to clean out the crack. Remove any remaining debris using a low-pressure hose. 

Next, prep your filler according to the instructions on your bottle. Once the filler is ready, fill the crack flush to the surrounding tarmac and smooth it out to that the height is the same as the rest of your driveway.

How Long Do Tarmac Driveways Last?

There are several factors that have an impact on how long a tarmac driveway will last. Some of these factors include: 

  • The climate of the surrounding area
  • The amount of traffic the driveway handles
  • The general wear and tear of the driveway

If you have a tarmac driveway that is under relatively good circumstances, such as nice weather and low-volume traffic, you can expect it to last anywhere between 12 and 13 years. 

Can You Resurface a Tarmac Driveway?

Yes, you can resurface a tarmac driveway. While there are some methods for resurfacing on your own, these depend on the size and quality of your driveway. If your tarmac driveway is in need of serious repair, we recommend getting in touch with a resurfacing professional. 

Tarmac Driveway Ideas

This multi-car driveway uses tarmac to provide plenty of space while blending in with the road out front.

Surrounded by paver stones, this tarmac driveway blends a modern and traditional look, accompanying the red brick material in a uniquely contrasting manner.

This tarmac driveway is sectioned using brick, breaking up the monotony of what would otherwise be a long, plain, black driveway.

With stones around the circumference and driveway lights to lead the way, this tarmac driveway has a more upscale aesthetic.

This tarmac driveway provides contrast to the surrounding gravel and brick material, perfect for a simple yet aesthetically-pleasing look. 

Final Thoughts

Tarmac is a wonderful material for paving driveways and is quick and easy to install, perfect for any homeowner looking for a cost-effective driveway. 
We hope you feel more confident in your driveway-paving choice after reading our article. Make sure to get in contact with one of the many top-rated companies in our paving network here at Paving Finder.

Tarmac vs Asphalt

Tarmac vs asphalt is a popular discussion amongst homeowners. Tarmac comprises crushed stones and gravel bonded by tar, while asphalt driveways are made with aggregate and bitumen as a binder. The tar in the tarmacadam has been replaced with bitumen to make an asphalt driveway. 

Even though asphalt offers a smooth surface, it’s very resistant to harsh weather conditions, which helps increase tire grips and serves as an option for roads, driveways, and pavement. Still, it requires higher maintenance costs compared to tarmac. Tarmac is less expensive when dealing with a small land mass and it can last three to five years with very low maintenance costs. 

While many engineers claim over 94% of United States roads are asphalt, your choice for your driveway depends on installation cost, durability, and maintenance cost. To make the best choice, you will need a material that will not get damaged or crack under pressure. 

Tarmac vs. Asphalt, choosing between the two can be very tricky, and if you’re not sure which one works best for your convenience or fits your budget, this article will help you understand the difference and figure out the best for your driveway.

What is tarmac?

John Loudon McAdam is the first road builder to introduce macadamization, an effective and economical road construction method. However, another businessman, Edger Purnell Hooley, added a layer that brought about tarmac for driveways. Tarmac is a material used for paving; it consists of crushed stones and sand held together by a binding material known as tar.

What is tarmac used for? 

  • Tarmac is used for making car roads, airport runways, parking lots, driveways, motorways, caravan parks, and private roads. When a layer of crushed stone is mixed with tar and compacted with a migrating roller, it will form a smooth surface.
Dofferences between tarmac and asphalt

What is asphalt?

Asphalt is a paving material from a mixture of aggregates (sand, gravel, slags, waste or debris, or crushed rocks), binders, and fillers. Most builders use bitumen as a binder to put the aggregate together. Note that the asphalt mixture must be cohesive and resistant to withstand pressure and deformation. Asphalt mixtures are produced at different temperatures; Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA), Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA), and Cold Mix Asphalt (CMA). 

What is asphalt used for? 

Asphalt is used to construct and repair roads, railway tracks, airport runways, sidewalks, bicycle lanes, and driveways. The asphalt used to maintain our driveways and roads is produced in an asphalt plant. 

Tarmac vs. Asphalt – Differences

Because tarmac and asphalt are widely used surface materials for driveways and have many similarities, it’s easy to mistake them for the same thing. However, there are a few noticeable differences between the two surface materials and factors you must consider before deciding which surface material to install on your driveway. 

If you want to make the best choice for your driveway, we have made your work easier. We have carefully highlighted the difference between tarmac and asphalt below. 

  • Tarmac is a mixture made from crushed stones and tars, while asphalt comprises aggregates and bitumen, which binds the aggregate together.
  • When you want to pave a large surface, asphalt is the cheapest choice and is commonly used for driveways, road surfaces, and pavement, while tarmac is the cheapest when you want to pave a long surface. 
  • Tarmac is resistant to constant scuffing by car tires.
  • Compared to tarmac, asphalt needs less maintenance and is not easily prone to oil and gas damage. But once it needs repair, the maintenance cost is higher than what it takes to preserve a tarmac driveway.
  • Because tarmac is made from a mixture of crushed stone, they are not as smooth as asphalt. Asphalt has a smoother surface and better finishing; it provides a better grip and helps protect your vehicle’s tires.
  • Asphalt is more resistant to extreme weather conditions compared to tarmacadam. 
  • Tarmac is not reusable, whereas asphalt can be scrapped, reprocessed, and used again. 
  • The binding agent in making asphalt is bitumen, whereas tar is used to crush stones together to form tarmacadam. 
  • The tar used in Tarmac is different from the bitumen used in Asphalt. Tar is produced from coal, while bitumen is produced from crude oil. 

Similarities between tarmac and asphalt.

Tarmac and asphalt have plenty of similarities that make it difficult to tell which is more suitable for you to use on your drive away. When you finally decide to pave your driveway and are unsure what to choose, you must remember that they both have the following similarities. 

  • Both asphalt and tarmac can withstand pressure from heavy vehicles. 
  • Both paving solutions require a binder to put the aggregates together. 
  • Tarmac and asphalt are used for roads, driveways, and surface pavements.
  • Both paving materials are durable and easy to install. 
  • They both involve aggregates like stones and fillers.
The cost of asphalt and tarmac driveways

Tarmac vs. asphalt cost

Depending on the size of your driveway, you can expect to spend more when using asphalt. The tarmac is cheaper than asphalt, an average of $3 to $4 per square foot. You should expect to pay $71.84 to $123.13 per square meter for a tarmac driveway, depending on your location, workload, and laborer. 

Pros of a Tarmac Driveway

Tarmac is a black material held together by tar. It’s usually used for building roads and airports. Because of its tarmac appearance, it’s mostly confused with asphalt—many people struggle to decide which surface material to use for their road or driveway pavements. Compared to an asphalt driveway, the pros and cons of a tarmac driveway will help you make the right decision.

1. Easy Installation

One of the reasons why many property owners go for Tarmac driveways is because it is easy to install. The installation of a large driveway can be done within a day, and after three days, your driveway is ready to be used. 

2. Tarmacadam is durable and reliable

When laid properly, you don’t have to worry about how long your driveway pavement will last. Tarmac driveways are durable, smooth, and easy to repair.

3. Tarmac driveway is affordable 

Tarmac driveways are common among homeowners because they are affordable, and driveway pavers charge less to install. 

Tarmacadam Driveway Cons. 

1. UV light causes tarmac degradation 

Under ultraviolet light, the bitumen used can crack and break up. Tarmac degradation results in cracks and potholes that easily destroy your exhaust system or vehicles.

2. Growth of plants and algae

Tarmacadam is not resistant to cracks caused by weeds, moss, and algae growth. These organisms make the surface look ugly, and sometimes, it might form a slippery surface. Most contractors try to apply a weed membrane to protect your driveway. This doesn’t always work and construct. A thicker tarmac driveway has proven to be more effective. 

3. Oils, petrol, and other substance can harm tarmac driveway

Tarmac is petrol-based, and it dissolves when exposed. When oil, petrol, or other substances seep into your tarmac driveway, they can penetrate the pavement and reduce the strength of the binding substance used. When these substances penetrate, they will eventually degrade the tarmac and cause damage to your driveway. 

4. Laying tarmac is expensive

Because a skilled person is needed to lay tarmac pavement, the price can be a bit high. Also, laying a bitmac requires expensive machinery. 

Tarmac vs Asphalt: differences for driveways

Pros of an Asphalt Driveway.

1. The surface is smooth and easy to drive on

Asphalt makes it idle for driving because it is smooth and quiet. Asphalt smooth surfaces can also withstand pressure without easily cracking.

2. It is inexpensive

Asphalt is the cheapest option if you want to pave a large area. It’s also reusable when you decide to renew your driveway payment. The recycled asphalt is just as good and durable as new asphalt. 

3. It is eco-friendly

Because asphalt can be recycled and reused, the machinery used for production also has low emissions – asphalt doesn’t emit gasses or other harmful products once installed. 

4. Asphalt pavement is simple, aesthetic, and easy to maintain

Asphalt parking lots are easy to maintain, cost-effective, and simple. The black color makes it combine with home aesthetics effortlessly. When you install your asphalt pavement, it can last up to twenty years. 

Cons of Asphalt Driveways

1. It takes a longer time to cure

Unlike Tarmac driveways, it takes time for your asphalt driveway to lay and completely set in. Although you can still use it, it is prone to damage in this period. 

2. Asphalt driveway releases tar-like substance and oil 

When asphalt driveways are not sealed, they release tar-like substances and oils from their surface and are easily tracked to your houses. These substances are difficult to clean off from objects or homes. 

3. Asphalt driveways can be dull

The black surfaces give no room for creativity or change. Some home or property owners can find it dull.

4. Your asphalt pavement needs regular maintenance

Driveways or parking lots made with asphalt need to be maintained regularly. A draining system needs to be created to avoid standing water. Also, asphalt pavement needs sealing after one or two years to protect it from cracks and potholes. 

Conclusion: Tarmac Vs Asphalt

Tarmacadam is hardly used to pave driveways, and that’s because asphalt has won the heart of many homeowners. The ease it brings, its simplicity, and its ability to withstand extreme weather make it stand out. Also, many people prefer asphalt to tarmac because it can stress without cracking or forming potholes.

Crushed concrete driveway

Crushed concrete is one of the most popular driveway options for homeowners nowadays, though many homeowners wonder whether having these tiny concrete pieces on the ground instead of asphalt is a good choice for their driveway.

Crushed concrete is one of the most cost-effective, eco-friendly, and versatile solutions for driveways. However, there are many homeowners that suggest the lack of durability, excess of dust, and a lack of customization can be a major concern, especially when it is compared to other popular home driveway material options. 

If you’re struggling to make the decision between a crushed concrete driveway and an asphalt driveway, come with us as we explore the advantages and disadvantages of concrete driveways.

What Is Crushed Concrete?

Crushed concrete comes from demolished concrete. However, because concrete is not a biodegradable material, it either piles up in landfills for all of eternity or gets recycled for use in other residential or commercial projects, such as driveways. 

When concrete is demolished, companies send it to recycling plants to be crushed even further. This process purifies the concrete and makes it suitable for use. 

Some companies will make a supplement out of it to manufacture new concrete. However, it is also often sold similarly to the way you would buy regular gravel. 

Is Crushed Concrete Good For Driveways?

Crushed concrete is a very popular option for driveways for several reasons. It’s very cost-effective and never cracks nor requires repairs. Of course, as with any driveway material, there are many pros and cons to consider.

The production of crushed concrete for driveways

Pros of A Crushed Concrete Driveway

Price

One of the first major benefits of using crushed concrete for a driveway is that it is very cost-effective. Because crushed concrete is a material that comes from recycling, you’ll pay far less than if you were to have freshly poured concrete. Plus, crushed concrete is far more cost-effective than paying for a natural stone driveway.

Eco-Friendly

One of the other major benefits of having a crushed concrete driveway is that it is very eco-friendly. As we said earlier, concrete is not biodegradable. If it does not get put to use, it ends up sitting in landfills. When you use crushed concrete for your driveway, you’re doing your part to make sure demolished concrete doesn’t sit around going unused. 

This frees up precious space in landfills and reduces the production of new concrete. 

Permeable

Crushed concrete is also a very permeable material, though the level of permeability depends on how it is installed. When installed in a traditional manner, it allows rainwater to flow through to the ground, which reduces the heavy burden that local drain systems otherwise have to endure. 

Versatile

Crushed concrete is one of the most versatile materials on the market today. Many homeowners use it mixed up with other materials for paving projects.

Let’s say you know the look of fresh concrete or natural stone is attractive to you. You can utilize less expensive crushed concrete as a base for the material you do like, which can sit on top. Not only will it cost you far less than using a more expensive material exclusively, but you’ll also still get some of the permeability advantages if everything is installed correctly. 

There are several variations of crushed concrete, which you can use for a wide range of uses, including surface and sub-base.

Cons of A Crushed Concrete For Driveway

Durability

One of the main concerns homeowners have with crushed concrete driveways is durability. Yes, you’ll never have to worry about cracks with crushed concrete, which is a big advantage. However, crushed concrete is a lot like gravel in that it is loose. Over time, it can spread or thin out, requiring that you continuously add more crushed concrete every time so you don’t develop ruts or bare spots in your driveway.

Creates Dust

Crushed concrete, like gravel, can create a lot of dust. This dust can pick up in the air and get on your vehicle, which can make it dirty all the time. 

Minimal Style

Crushed concrete is certainly not the best choice for those who want an attractive or luxurious-looking driveway, as it has a very minimal style. If you have a modern home, there are much better materials out there that will suit your residential space better. 

Rutting

Depending on how you install your crushed concrete, it can actually have very limited permeability, which can keep water from passing through, forcing it to puddle in your driveway. When puddling starts to occur on your driveway, it becomes prone to something called rutting, which is a permanent deformation of the top layer of your paving materials.

Plus, with an irregular surface construction, it can become difficult to clean. If you live in an area where it snows often or where the leaves fall from the trees in autumn, trying to rid your driveway of this additional debris with so many moving pieces can be an absolute nightmare.

How Much Crushed Concrete Do I Need for My Driveway?

When it comes to determining the amount of materials you need for a construction job, you often use the same formula to find the measurement in cubic yards. 

For example, if you’re looking at how much crushed concrete you need for your driveway. You can multiply the width by the length by the height in feet and divide that number by 27. This will give you the amount of material you need. 

So, let’s say your driveway is 10 feet by 20 feet, and you need six inches of crushed concrete. You would use the formula:

10’ x 20’ x 0.5’ to get 3.76 cubic yards. 

We converted the six inches into 0.5 feet to make it work with this equation. 

Of course, there are a few more variables you might want to consider to be certain you’re ordering the correct amount of material. 

You’ll also need to determine the size of the material that you are using. Depending on the size of the material you choose, the coverage area can change. You’ll need to give the supplier your measurements to see how much you’ll need for each type of material. 

Find out how wide your driveway should be by heading over to our article:

Driveway Width – How Wide Should My Driveway Be?

Does Crushed Concrete Harden?

Over time, crushed concrete tends to harden and compact. While this creates a smooth surface that you might enjoy driving on, it can also reduce the height. To maintain your brand-new crushed concrete driveway, you may have to add a layer each year. 

Is Crushed Concrete Better Than Gravel?

Compared to gravel driveways, crushed concrete is much more cost-effective, it’s very easy to repair, and it is very eco-friendly. However, compared to gravel, it can be more difficult to install and is not as permeable. 

Gravel is a great choice for driveways when it comes to permeability. Remember, gravel is made up of groups of rock fragments that aren’t uniform in shape and size, which not only provides a unique look that many people like but also promotes better penetrability, allowing water to flow through naturally rather than pooling on top.

Is Crushed Concrete Better Than Gravel?

Essentially, a properly installed gravel driveway can stop mold and stains from appearing.

Gravel is also very easy to maintain, though it won’t compact as easy as crushed concrete, meaning you’ll often have to deal with a lot of dust. 

We would say that the one major benefit to gravel is that there are plenty of different types of gravel, depending on your aesthetic choice. Some of the most common types of gravel include limestone, sandstone, and basalt. You’ll even find unique glow-in-the-dark gravel options, which can allow you to see into your driveway at night without the need for any lights, perfect for those with ultra-long driveways. 

Crushed Concrete Driveway Cost

The cost for crushed concrete often depends on the kind of concrete that you buy, where you buy it from, and the market conditions. Most businesses either charge for crushed concrete by the yard or ton. 

If you buy your crushed concrete by the ton, it will likely cost you anywhere between $6 and $14 per ton. However, if you purchase your crushed concrete by the yard, you’ll likely pay anywhere from $20 to $35 per yard. 

More often than not, the more crushed concrete you are able to purchase, the better the deal you’ll get. 

Final Thoughts 

If you’re considering installing crushed concrete in your driveway, we highly recommend doing so. It is a cost-effective choice compared to gravel, asphalt, and traditional concrete. Plus, it’s relatively low-maintenance, won’t require repairs often, and has longevity. 

With a variety of applications and advantages, crushed concrete is one of the most functional and accessible driveway materials around. 

We hope that you now feel more confident regarding whether or not crushed concrete will work for your driveway needs. No matter what kinds of paving services you’re after, our team at Paving Finder is always ready to help. 

Make sure to join our pro network to get in contact with the top-rated paving professional near you.